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[/ caption] As of February 21, along with National Peduli Pedah Day, the government imposed new policies. Through the Ministry of Environment and Forestry and based on Circular Letter Number SE-06 / PSLB3-PS / 2015 on Steps to Anticipate the Implementation of Paid Plastic Pouch Policy on Modern Retail Businesses, the government formally adopted a policy of paid plastic bags in modern markets in Indonesia.
This policy is not simply done. The government has planned it well in advance. In fact, the Circular Letter (SE) on this matter has been signed on December 17, 2015 even though it was only enacted in 2016. In this determination, the government decided to require consumers who shop in the modern market to pay at least Rp 200, – to get a plastic bag. No other policy is applied to reduce the amount of plastic use in Indonesia.
Indeed, Indonesia is currently one of the countries with the largest amount of plastic use. Of course this is caused by high population numbers. There is a correlation between these two things. Large population is accompanied by consumptive behavior to be a very reasonable factor cause the use of plastic in the archipelago is very high.
Government as a stakeholder certainly can not keep silent to see this. Therefore, this pay-plastic bag policy is enforced. Of course this decision is colored with the pros and cons of the community. Well, here are 10 selected responses from Kompasianer taken from the topic of choice of Plastic Pouch.
1. Paid Plastic, A Cigarette Policy
Jimin Andri Sarosa sees a similarity between the paying plastic bag policy and policies to reduce cigarette consumption. Ridiculous is the right word to reflect this policy. According to him, the government arrogantly sacrifices the community (consumers) to pay, whereas the government has no alternative solution. As a result, any policies made are redundant.
2. Changing Consumption Behavior through Plastic Pouches
[/ caption] Unlike Jimin, Safendrri Ragamustari has a different opinion. This government decision indeed reap the pros and cons but of course the ultimate goal is to reduce the volume of plastic use. Safendrri assess the current human, especially in Indonesia, is no longer concerned about the condition of the earth. Throwing garbage carelessly seems to be the norm. With the enforcement of this rule, he judged directly and inevitably people are always reminded to re-think about the pattern of daily consumption. Thus, people can slowly change their consumption behavior through this policy.
3. Reduce Plastic, Sacrifice Trees (?)
When this rule comes into effect, there are many ways that modern business actors do to keep their customers. One of them is replacing plastic with used cardboard for customers who shop in large enough quantities. Indra Furwita states that this policy is like two sharp blades. When the plastic is reduced its use, other materials such as paper or cardboard are even reproduced.In fact, the raw material material is wood or tree. Indirectly this policy in addition to suppressing the use of plastics, it actually turn off many trees. Nevertheless, he is optimistic that many creative industries will take advantage of this momentum. There could be multifunctional shopping bags with creative and useful designs.
4. Minister of Environment and Forestry, Siti Nurbaya Bakar, Seek Advance to Jokowi
[/ caption] Kompasianer Mawalu reveal unek-uneknya this policy. He assessed the implementation of the policy of paying plastic bag is the maneuvering Minister of Environment and Forestry, Siti Nurbaya to survive the reshuffle issue that will be done by President Jokowi at that time. According to him, if you want to reduce the use of plastic bags, there are other alternatives that can be done, such as making a plastic bag that is environmentally friendly and can be recycled in a short time.
5. Paid Plastic Bags: The Price Too Cheap, Should Check Price Expensive and Followed by Continuous Socialization
Currently the price is set for each plastic bag is Rp200, 00 is quite cheap. The same opinion is expressed by Suci Handayani Harjono. He considered, the plastic bag pocket program can actually suppress the use of plastic bags in Indonesia. However, there is a question whether the program can last long?
Price Rp 200, – is a nominal that is not so expensive, especially this policy is applied in modern shopping centers or retailers that in fact the buyers are the upper middle class. Suci said conditions will be different if one plastic bag is priced at a more expensive price, for example Rp5.000,00. This will probably make the community, both upper and lower middle class to think again using a plastic bag.
6. Plastic Waste Problems, Why Are Only "Targeted" Consumers?
[/ caption] In the provision of a paid plastic policy, it is true that the cost is fully charged to the consumer because the consumer is the end user. This of course raises the question itself, why only consumers who are burdened, how about the government and business actors? Kompasianer Ilyani Sudardjat also questioned this in his article. He also believes Indonesia should be able to make Japan as role model in managing plastic waste.
In Japan, this plastic waste management is really organized and they can suppress the use of plastics. In addition, Ilyani considers that the culprit of the amount of plastic waste is the business itself. We can see there are many products that also use plastic as packaging. This is what should not escape the monitoring of the government as a regulator.7. No Problem 200 Silver for the Kresek Bag, but …
[/ caption] As reviewed before, the price of paying plastic that range from Rp 200 to Rp 500, – it does not seem to be a problem. The price is just a small matter when compared to how much groceries we buy in the modern market. However, Giri Lumakto examines what exactly is behind this policy. Yes, of course to make people aware of the garbage problem that has been happening.
Based on data Giri collects, Jakarta produces as many as 5.4 million tons of waste annually and 13% of it is plastic waste. How about the next 5 to 10 years? The rubbish mount will be higher. According to him, if the plastic bag continues to be free, the public will not realize how dangerous this plastic waste.
Imagining the future of our children and grandchildren will see the legacy of mountains of garbage that are not decomposed because of our actions at this time certainly not a beautiful thing. Giri stated that in this policy is not the price or the money to be spent in every plastic bag, but is how the public is aware of the dangers of uncontrolled plastic use.
8. Let's Start Shopping Beautiful Without Plastic Bags
[/ caption] In his article, Kompasianer Ariyani Na invites us to start using an alternative container other than plastic when shopping. In addition, he analyzed the existence of several factors that led to the high use of plastic from the point of view of someone who often shop. The first is the reduced use of old newspapers. Usually, when someone shopping such as onions, chili or other spices container used is used newspaper. However, now everything is put in a plastic bag.
Second is the price of plastic bags are quite cheap. It is true if we try to buy plastic that is usually used in the stalls, the price per bag is quite cheap. This is also one factor of the many uses of plastics in society. Then the third, Ariyani see the behavior and habits of people who want to be practical or lazy to bother. This behavior also encourages the amount of plastic waste in the environment.
9. Rp200, – for Each Plastic Bag, Why Charge to Consumers?
Just like the article Ilyani wrote. Kompasianer named Ryan also highlighted the cost of plastic bag expense that is only intended for consumers. He tried to analyze this. According to him, the provision of plastic bags is actually part of the services provided by business actors to consumers. In other words, a plastic bag is the shopkeeper's obligation. He noticed there was an awkwardness in this.If examined, by paying extra for a plastic bag instead provides opportunities or new land for the owner of the business to seek profit. Supposedly, the appropriate step taken is that the retailer must provide another bag for consumer use. With so little, there is an alternative to plastic and this of course can reduce the number of plastic usage.
10. Plastics Shattered the Primordialism Barriers and Challenges for Scientists
[/ caption] An interesting point of view is presented by Yosafati Gulo in his article. He said that plastic has actually removed the primordial barriers that exist in society. All circles must use plastic, from beggars to president, from the bottom to the upper class. Yosafati highlighted this newly applied policy. According to him, this policy is quite successful with the indicator of reduced use of plastics in the community.
However, if it says whether or not to reduce plastic waste, Yosafati says it still has little effect. Because even though the plastic waste can be recycled, the edges will become waste as well. The effect is also increasingly insignificant to see the price of paid plastic bags which is very cheap. This is what creates a challenge for scientists. It is impossible if the use of plastic is completely stopped. Therefore, it takes the intervention of science to at least find a way to accelerate the decomposition of plastics in the environment.
That is some opinions Kompasianer about the implementation of a plastic bag paid policy which some time ago inaugurated. Indeed, when viewed in the study of science, plastic is a material that is difficult to decompose by the soil. It took years to completely melt this material. Therefore, in order for plastic waste to not continue to mount, it takes the role of all levels of society to participate in reducing the use of plastic bags. Not beautiful is not it if we imagine our children and grandchildren get the legacy of plastic garbage? (yud)