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Congestion has become an integral part of the reality of life of big cities in Indonesia. Those who will move should leave an extra morning or busy looking for rats. Before they go home, they have to rack my brain so I will not get stuck. The government is also not not looking for solutions to overcome the classical problems in urban Indonesia. But in fact until now this problem can not be solved.
Actually it can not just wait for effective solutions from the government, awareness and initiative from the community to reduce congestion should also be encouraged. The growth in vehicle ownership continues to grow while the street infrastructure remains just that, so it's a problem to think about. Do not give up on congestion as a term. Hipwee has summarized the facts about congestion in Indonesia, especially in the capital city of Jakarta which shows how urgent and urgent this problem is to be resolved.
1. This chronic-looking Jakarta jam seems to be perched at the 17th worst position in the world. Hopefully this year can go down the rankings yes
Taken from Numbeo, in 2016 and the capital of Indonesia is ranked 17th research on the city termacet in the world. From the data is known, Jakarta congestion index reached 237.25 with the average travel time on the road 48.57 minutes one way. This congestion index shows the composition of travel time on the road, the estimation of road user dissatisfaction with travel time, CO2 emission estimation and inefficiency of traffic system. The higher the congestion index indicates the worsening quality of traffic conditions.
Meanwhile, the title termacet city in the world is owned by Kolkata, India. With a congestion index of 350.6 and average travel time on the road 71.5 minutes one way. Apparently, the condition of Jakarta traffic is still better than in 2015. Because, two years ago Jakarta occupied the 11th position of the same research with the index of congestion 262.18. Hopefully in 2017 this achievement increases yes.
2. The crucial problem of Jakarta is the growth of motor vehicles that is not directly proportional to the growth of the road. You who live there, who are patient ..
Based on data released by the Directorate of Traffic Polda Metro Jaya, the number of vehicles in Jakarta and surrounding areas increased by 5500 to 6000 units of vehicles per day. Of these amounts declared an increase of 12 percent each year. Is not that sweet?
The most dominant vehicle of this increase is the motorcycle, which reaches 4000 to 4500 per day. While four-wheel vehicles experienced growth of 1600 units per day. This amount can be known based on the Certificate of Motor Vehicle (STNK) issued every day. The tremendous growth in motor vehicles is inversely proportional to the growth of Jakarta roads of only 0.01 percent per year. This is the reason why then the three in one rule applies.
3. The most effective solution by Jakarta Provincial Government is to strengthen public transportation. Although it continues to make improvements, it seems this is still far from success
Facing the intricacies of traffic, various ways are done metropolitan citizens. One of the most real and often they do is to go to the destination much earlier. Finding alternative paths or rodents as well as they take as one option. Who does sincerely want to waste time and energy to jam-macetan?
Meanwhile, the government appears to be more focused on breaking down congestion with improving public transport services. That way, they find it more effective to encourage Jakarta citizens to move from private vehicles to public transportation. Did not you often find the cars that crowded the streets of Jakarta only contains the driver only? Just because you want to make yourself feel comfortable while driving, not exposed to smoke while listening to music, but it turned out to be one cause of congestion.4. Traffic congestion does not only cause social and environmental losses, but also economically. Losses due to traffic congestion in Jakarta reach Rp 150 trillion per year
The most obvious losses appear to be fuel wastage. Many social costs are spent during traffic jams. Starting from the cost of fuel before, until the health costs resulting from air pollution. Currently, Jabodetabek area people who regularly travel in the area of ??DKI reach 2 million souls per day, with various interests.
With that much lost money, should not a lot of infrastructure development be funded to accelerate the economic growth rate of the city itself? To build a MRT for example. Some even mention that the amount of loss is equivalent to the cost of building 14 Suramadu bridges connecting Surabaya and Madura it. Again, it takes the government seriousness in handling this urban specific problem.
5. More than that, it turns out congestion can impact on human brain damage. Be careful, frequent congestion-jams can make you more susceptible to dementia
A health study published through the international health journal Lancet shows that those who live near highways are more likely to suffer from dementia. That is a symptom of impaired brain function that can not be cured. In particular, the study also proves that one in ten cases of dementia is caused by exposure to congestion.
Previous research has also revealed almost the same thing. The risk of dementia may depend on the distance of the settlement by road. Those living 50 meters from the highway have a 7 percent greater risk of dementia. Furthermore, at a distance of 50-100 meters, the risk drops to 4 percent. While in the range of 100-200 meters, the risk fell to 2 percent only. This study shows the air pollution that enters the brain through the blood stream that is capable of causing dementia.
Ah congestion, whenever no longer be a problem. Hopefully public transportation soon becomes safe, convenient, and affordable both tariff and distribution. Yes, to then the citizens are willing to switch to using mass transportation and together avoid the congestion. Hopefully soon this complicated problem soon finds a clear path yes.
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