Anthropology of Malaria, Friendly to Ancient Diseases

Anthropology of Malaria, Friendly to Ancient DiseasesIndonesia with an area of ??nearly 1.9 million square kilometers to become the 13th largest country in the world. Thousands of islands and very diverse ethnicities are both riches and challenges in this vast country. From Sabang to Merauke stretches nature's fascinating diversity.

On the other hand Indonesia contains thousands of endemic diseases typical of tropical countries and third world countries. Animal-borne diseases, one of which is transmitted through mosquitoes, malaria "ancient" disease that has been lost in developed countries decades ago is still sustainable in Indonesia. More than a dozen decades ago, healers have been found, namely quinine pills even when this country has not been named Indonesia. In fact, with multiple treatment updates still elimination is repeatedly targeted to retreat. Under the deal in Asian countries, particularly Southeast Asia, it is now targeting a 2030 year free of malaria. Whether the target will be completed or the target appears again, let us look at it.

We can not compare for example with Switzerland that is not greater than Central Java or England which is almost as big as Java Island. However, the problem is not only to stop at the size of our country, as already mentioned hundreds of ethnic or ethnic groups also become the main factor difficult to control malaria disease which thick with environmental and human factor.

The malaria gebrak program is over and the disease is still, the 2015 elimination target is over. In fact, I met a village malaria interpreter who was proclaimed by the government as the vanguard of the completion of the disease is also still busy even if they do not stop working even for tens of years. Central to village level regulations have been initiated, malaria still remains hegemony.

The peak point I am trying to observe is that people are not really afraid, even responding to malaria in quotation marks as their best friend. The concept of healthy and sick depends on understanding in each ethnic culture. And almost every community I visit does not agree that malaria is scary and dangerous. Although, every questionnaire I share them almost always chooses malaria as a dangerous disease in their response. However, the facts in everyday life there is no effort to stay away from this disease. Program kelambunisasi not road, they are lazy to sleep with mosquito net, clean vegetation and water puddles only discourse.

I as a health researcher also always stop with the discourse, that the main factor is not nature, climate change, mosquitoes transmitters, but human beings themselves. Indonesian human beings must not only run to catch up, we must jump to achieve a new thinking and a high awareness that the disease must be eradicated for the intelligence and continuity of a truly useful generation.

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