Global warming affects everything in the world, including apples. Due to global warming, the famous fruit with a blend of sour and sweet flavors turns into sweeter and less harsh once again so that apples lose their crunchy texture (crisp or crunchy).
Based on data analysis collected from 1970-2010 in two gardens in Japan, the research team says there is clear evidence of climate change affecting the taste and texture of apples.
"All changes may result from earlier blooms and higher temperatures during the growing season," the contents of the journal Nature Scientific said.
About 60 million tonnes are produced each year so apples are the third most popular fruit in the world.
In previous research mentioned, global warming causes the apple tree to bloom faster and harvest is also affected by changes in rainfall and temperature.
The gardens used for the research resulted in the Fuji and Tsugaru apples, two of the most popular apples in the world.
The farms located in Nagano Japan and Aomori Prefecture occur an average temperature rise of 0.31 and 0.34 degrees Celsius respectively per decade. The gardens were chosen because there was no change in cultivars or management practices for a long time, thus setting aside non-climatic factors such as technological improvements in apple changes.
Data collected over the years include the size and concentration of acids and sugars, fruit and fluid hardness, diseases that cause aqueous apple meat.
"We think the sweet apple is a positive thing and the loss of violence is a negative thing," said study co-author Toshihiko Sugiura of the National Institute of Fruit Tree Science in Fujimoto AFP.
"We think most people like sweet and hard apples, even though everyone has their own taste, the soft apple is called` Boke` in Japan which means dull or old fruit, "he said.
The study says the results show that apple flavor and texture in the market is experiencing a long-term perspective change, although consumers do not consider it a change, "he said.(Mel / *)