Liputan6.com, Washington DC – April this year's temperature recorded the highest and made 2016 the hottest year ever recorded by history.
Latest data released by NASA, said that the temperature in April 2016 warmer 1.11 degrees than the average temperature of the month in 1951 to 1980.
For seven consecutive months, temperatures on Earth have increased by at least 1 degree Celsius compared with the benchmark temperature average, 1951 to 1980.
The data is getting worse and getting scientists to declare 'climate emergency'.
They have also put doubts on the deal made in the Paris treaty to keep the temperature rise below 2 degrees Celsius.
The UN Summit held in Paris in December 2015 has confirmed that a temperature rise of up to 2 degrees Celsius is a dangerous boundary of global warming and should not be skipped.
Related to that, the leaders also held a 10-day meeting held in Bonn, Germany, on Monday to follow up an agreement and draft a work plan to make the targets achieved.
Quoted from CNN on Monday (16/05/2016), scientists and leaders have agreed that greenhouse gas emissions around the world will soon reach its peak and followed by a rapid decline over the next few years.
"In the second half of this century global emissions should be as low as possible, so that it can be easily absorbed by the Earth's natural systems such as forests and land," the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change said in a statement.
The temperature rise drastically in recent times is one of the causes of El Nino phenomenon. This is characterized by the warming of seawater in the tropical Pacific Ocean that brings extreme weather, including droughts and heavy rains in a number of countries.
There is hope that La Nina may occur – it can usually cool Pacific waters.So what happens if the Earth's temperature increases by 2 degrees Celsius?
According to CNN reporter John Sutter, reporting from the National Research Council, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and the World Bank, said that if the average temperature rise exceeds 2 degrees Celsius, fires in the United States will grow and storms intensify.
In addition, more species are at risk of extinction, Arctic ice continues to melt, yields and freshwater availability will decrease significantly.