Although the economy is more supported by the service sector and industry, it does not mean that farming activities are completely gone from the capital. This is reflected in the contribution of agriculture sector which reached 0.09 percent of Jakarta Gross Regional Domestic Product (PDRB) in 2015.
The Central Bureau of Statistics (BPS) notes that of the 1,983.42 trillion in revenues (GRDP) generated from all economic activities during 2015 in the Capital City, about 1.87 trillion of which was contributed by the agricultural sector, which included food crops, horticulture, plantations, livestock, fisheries, forestry, and agricultural services.
In more detail, the portrait of the agricultural sector in the capital is presented by the Agricultural Census conducted by BPS in 2013 or abbreviated as ST-2013. The results of ST-2013 mention, the number of farming households (farmers) in the capital reached 12,287 households. They are called farmers for doing farm activities with business motives or as a source of livelihood, not just a hobby or just a mere pleasure.
Most of the farmers in the capital city are West Jakarta, North Jakarta and East Jakarta. The number of farmers in these three regions reached 9,096 farmers or about 74 percent of all farmers in the capital. Many agricultural activities carried out by farmers in the capital are the cultivation of horticultural crops (vegetables, fruits, ornamental plants, and medicinal plants), livestock, and fisheries.
Predictably, land-based farming areas (food crops, livestock, and freshwater fish farming) in the Capital City are concentrated in the outskirts directly adjacent to other provinces, namely Banten and West Java. Meanwhile, capture fisheries and sea water fish culture are concentrated in the northern coastal areas of Jakarta and Kepulauan Seribu.
Urban Farming and Agro Wisata
In the midst of rapid pace of development, as well as the increasing demand for land for infrastructure, housing, and various economic activities in the service and industrial sectors, the agricultural sector in the capital city is increasingly urged. This is a necessity that can not be avoided.
However, agricultural activities in Jakarta should be maintained (read: conserved). This can be done by, among other things, increasing its economic value — not just cultivation activities to produce food commodities.
In the midst of limited land for farming, agricultural activities in the capital should be directed to urban farming activities (land agriculture) that are not based on land, but based on technology, for example, aquaculture and hydroponic farming.
Therefore, the Green Gang program initiated by DKI Jakarta Provincial Government in cooperation with Trubus and Bank Indonesia of DKI Jakarta Province should be appreciated. The program which is the implementation of the concept of urban agriculture is planned to be applied in hundreds of points in the capital city.
If successful, the program can not only supply Jakarta's food needs for certain commodities but also can encourage job creation and income generation.For food commodities, so far Jakarta is very dependent on the supply from other regions such as West Java Province. This condition results in the price of food commodities will easily fluctuate when the supply is disrupted.
If the concept of urban agriculture is implemented quite massively in the capital city, this can slightly reduce the dependence of the capital city on food supplies from other regions, especially horticultural products such as vegetables and fruits that can be cultivated with the concept of urban agriculture.
Chili prices, for example, are highly fluctuating and often skyrocket when their supply is disrupted or because of demand spikes in certain moments such as Ramadan and holidays. This happens because the consumer preferences of the country who prefer to consume fresh chilies rather than dried chili. This problem can actually be overcome given the potential of chili cultivation with the concept of urban agriculture is quite large in the capital city.
In addition to the concept of urban agriculture, agricultural activities in Jakarta can be packaged as a tourist product or commonly called agro tourism. In fact, currently there are still rice fields in Jakarta, although only a bit, especially in the area of ??East Jakarta and North Jakarta. It can not be denied, although every day eating rice, almost all children in the capital have never witnessed directly how the process of rice cultivation is done in the fields.
Of course it would be very interesting and fun if they can watch directly and even do their own activities of rice cultivation starting from plowing rice fields with buffalo to plant rice. In addition to tourism, such activities are also worth the education. At least they did not forget that their ancestors were peasants. (*)