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Occupied in the first sequence of the deadliest disease in the world is heart disease, followed by stroke in the second sequence and so on. Then, what are the deadly diseases in the world? Here is a list of deadly diseases that are the leading cause of death in the world.
1. Coronary Heart Disease
Coronary heart disease is the most deadly in the world. Coronary heart disease is caused because blood vessels that supply blood to the heart experience narrowing. Risk factors of coronary heart disease are hypertension, high cholesterol, and smoking habits. To reduce the risk of coronary heart disease, all you have to do is change healthy lifestyle, such as healthy eating, smoking cessation, physical activity, blood cholesterol control, blood sugar control, and keep your heart.
2. Stroke Attack
Stroke occurs when the arteries in the brain mengalamo blockage or blood vessels in the brain there are broken. Both causes will break the blood supply to the brain and cause brain cells lack of oxygen and will begin to die within minutes. In addition to death, stroke is also the main cause of people will experience disability. The risk factor for stroke is similar to coronary heart disease, to reduce the risk, as well as coronary heart disease.
3. Lower respiratory tract infection & cancer
Which include lower respiratory tract infections are pneumonia, bronchitis and influenza. In tropical countries, the risk of the disease may last throughout the year. In addition, the risk of infection is also increased in people who travel or are in the crowd. Cancer in the lower respiratory tract also becomes a deadly disease. The main cause of this respiratory infection is due to smoking, either passive or active. In addition, it also comes from toxins in the environment.
4. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
COPD is a lung disease that occurs over a long period of time. Including chronic bronchitis and emphysema that can make breathing difficulties. The main causes of COPD are cigarette smoke and air pollution, either indoors or outdoors. There is no cure for COPD but in the progression of the disease it can be slowed down with the help of drugs.
5. Diarrhea Disease
Diarrhea is a condition in which you have watery bowel movements that are more frequent than normal. This condition can cause dehydration, if not treated quickly it can cause death. Diarrhea is easily spread through water or contaminated food. For children under 5 years, this disease is very risky cause death. Healthy behaviors such as knowing proper handwashing techniques and improved sanitation and water quality can help prevent diarrhea.6. HIV / AIDS
Human Immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a virus that attacks the immune system. HIV can cause AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) is a chronic condition that can be life-threatening by making the body vulnerable to infection. HIV can not be cured, but there are treatments that can help slow the progression of the virus.
7. Tuberculosis (TBC)
Tuberculosis is caused by bacterial infection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the lungs. This disease is very easy to spread through small droplets of saliva exhale or dibatukan by active tuberculosis patients. In some tuberculosis, it is resistant to conventional treatment, so second-line treatment is needed to treat this patient. Most people who experience death from tuberculosis occur in poor countries, where the supply of drugs and the level of health services is very limited.
8. Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes is a disease characterized by a rise in blood sugar levels far above normal in the long term. In type 1 diabetes, usually the pancreas can no longer produce insulin, but the cause is unknown. While in type 2 diabetes, where the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or the amount of insulin that can not be used effectively. This condition is caused by poor diet, lack of exercise, and excess weight.
9. Complications of Premature Birth And Low Birth Weight
Death due to the condition of premature infants born or low birth weight usually occurs in the first week of life. Disadvantages of skilled medical personnel in dealing with premature births can make this a serious problem, usually this is common in developing countries. Newborn deaths can be avoided with good prenatal care and appropriate infant care after birth.
Deadly disease needs to be your concern. By adopting a healthy lifestyle as part of the preventive action against these diseases and consult your doctor if you feel you are suffering from one of them.