Image source: http://m.likesuccess.com/quotes/29/1422002.png
Speaking of energy saving, I am actually astonished at the same time. Compared to the explanation ngawang a sexy but somewhat difficult to understand about the use of renewable energy for the common good and the future of our earth, energy saving it a trivial case that is actually easy to accept common sense. What is the puzzling attempt of the word "energy saving"?
The principle is simple: reducing energy use and using equipment that requires less power. Simple to do it: turn off electronic equipment when unnecessary, do not use motor vehicles when not needed, or replace the lights at home with energy-efficient. Because of that easy also, this energy-saving movement has been aggressively campaigned, including by the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources with Title Cut 10 Percent. This effort has even started since 2012.
The potential energy savings is certainly very large. With the largest energy consumption one of which is in the household sector, imagine how much energy can be saved if the entire Indonesian population do so. The question is, why energy saving has not become mainstream and currently we have not been paying attention and can expect much from energy conservation?
The cheapest and cleanest energy option is not to waste it
Energy saving is often referred to as the "fifth fuel", after coal, petroleum, nuclear, and renewable energy. Why? Energy-saving powered by emerging technologies, and when done on a massive scale, can save significant amounts of fossil fuels. The 2016 International Energy Agency's (IEA) report shows that IEA countries (excluding Indonesia, as Indonesia is an associate member) show an average 14% increase in energy efficiency over the 2000-2015 period. Energy savings are equivalent to 450 million tonnes of oil equivalent (Mtoe) in 2015, a figure sufficient to meet Japan's energy needs for 1 year. Nominal money? About 540 billion US dollars.
In developed countries who are diligent enough to record their progress in saving energy (eg US, Australia, Denmark, Japan), the various policies and investments rolled out for this fifth fuel are indeed influential. They dare to issue subsidies for the construction of buildings that are more energy efficient, provide tax incentives for vehicles that are more efficient combustion engine, to be more stringent in applying the standard performance of electronic devices are sold.
With such great potential as the tip of this iceberg, energy conservation has much more space to be applied and developed in its technology. In 2014, the Nobel Prize for Physics was awarded to Shuji Nakamura, Isamu Akasaki, and Hiroshi Amano who developed LEDs. This technology is now widely adopted many products, not only lighting, with its advantages: produce light as bright with less energy.
But, how many of us have already replaced the lights at home with LED lights or have LED flat-screen televisions and not LCDs?
Not quite symbolic
The annual Earth Hour campaign is the most iconic energy conservation campaign. Many cities in the world rolled out lights for 1 hour. A good campaign indeed, but saving energy to achieve a significant and sustainable impact is certainly not enough once a year.
To encourage energy-saving into a mainstream and major-impact issue, understanding energy issues and being wise to use it at home is one way. Among individuals or households, energy savings are something that is easy but complicated. The most basic issue is our understanding of energy issues. Our daily activities can not be separated from energy but many of us do not even know how much our daily / monthly energy consumption. Until the electric bill suddenly rises, we generally relax with the use of electronic devices at home. Until the motor vehicle suddenly wasteful, then we find out why.Energy prices in Indonesia are still widely subsidized by the government. Like dislike, the (relatively) low energy prices psychologically encourage us to view energy consumption as something that should not be restricted. Cheap electricity, for what should dizzy turn off all electronic devices at home when not in use? Cheap gasoline, for what mbelani walk to the nearest Indomaret?
That is, this energy-saving logic is easy, but changing our mindset is difficult.
In addition, an understanding of energy issues is also related to the presence or absence of sufficient information about energy saving, how to do so, to what instruments are available. We know that there are campaigns on energy saving with the suggestion of switching using LED lights, but what is the information about why we should move and why are we more efficient LED lights that we can easily access?
Not necessarily. If there is, not everyone is also willing to deeper on this subject. Information about what electronic equipment is more energy efficient and how efficient it is also not yet found. In addition to the variations have not been much, we also more often compare the performance compared to energy efficiency.
Back to economic problems, another challenge is the price. LED lights are more expensive than regular CFL bulbs or bulbs. Those who are economically able to be reluctant to change, especially those that require lighting but limited economic conditions. For larger and more expensive electronic appliances, as well as vehicles; you can imagine how many times we think to change because the initial investment required is also not small.
This new "low-hanging fruit" aka low hanging fruit. The availability of the market, in this case the user at the individual and household level, also determines how energy-saving technologies and production on a large scale will be done. No demand, little supply, more expensive goods. How can we expect the price of energy-efficient goods to be competitive than not if its market share is small?
In the broader context, what needs to be encouraged is the existence of supportive and required rules. By requiring all electronic devices to be labeled energy star, for example, the market problem would be more "light" to deal with. The community has more choice, and large production can encourage faster technology development to make it cheaper. The rules on green building can also encourage more energy savings, especially with the proliferation of new homes and offices.
So, whose homework is this? This easy but difficult thing is obvious PR multistakeholder, the easiest can start from us and our homes. * brb buy LED lights *