Irony, Indonesia has just sent its representative to attend the International Conference on the effects of climate change in Peru in December 2014, the same month in Indonesia there is a landslide disaster in Banjarnegara that eliminates lives, landslides in Bogor that take casualties also need to be a concern specifically why such things happen, not to mention the floods that haunt the capital of Jakarta, the natural damage or human factors that cause it?
The United Nations Agency for International Disaster Reduction Strategy (UNISDR) mentioned that for landslides, Indonesia ranks first in 165 countries, with human casualties of 197,327. For floods, Indonesia ranked 6th out of 162 countries with 1,101,507 people affected. The low quality of environmental management and regional / municipal spatial violations accompanied by current climate change threats make the region / city at a vulnerable level. *
Global Warming or more exactly Global Climate Disorder is very dangerous, WHO noted since 1960, every year the average death rate in the world more than 60 thousand souls. In the year 2000 alone, 150 thousand people drifted due to the direct impacts of climate change such as floods, hurricanes and hurricanes and more and more forest fires. *
Indirect impacts such as increased malaria and dengue fever are also other diseases that are spread by vectors associated with rising temperatures, rainfall, humidity and vector population densities. Other waterborne effects such as diarrhea, cholera, typhoid, are associated with reduced quality and water supply and flooding and drought.
Climate change conditions in Indonesia
Indonesia is a country with many potential disasters as well as tremendous natural potential, flanked by two oceans, 2 continents, crossed by equator followed by volcanoes ranging from sabang to merauke, borneo forest which is the lungs of the world, plus thousands of islands with vast oceans. One again, Indonesia has a permanent ice sheet despite being in the tropics, Puncak Jaya name.
The Puncak Jaya Mountains (4884 above sea level) located in the province of Papua is the only location where there is a glacier in the warm pool area? Equatorial Pacific Ocean. It contains valuable information – climatological perspectives – on climate change and the environment in the region affected by the inter-annual cycle of El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and the Austral-Asian monsoon system.
The ENSO event is a visible form of deep sea and atmospheric interaction processes that affect the regional climate. The impact of ENSO is deeply felt in Indonesia which is geographically positioned on two sides of the Pacific Ocean basin where ENSO events take place.
Unfortunately, due to climate change, the eternal ice sheets in Puncak Jaya will soon disappear when the historical data of Puncak Jaya ice can be used as a reference data on the rate of climate change. At least historical data ever taken on research expeditions conducted by BMKG to Puncak Jaya in 2009 is useful to predict climate change in the future.
The increasing global temperatures every half degree per year due to climate change is a terrible disaster in the world. This continues to happen rapidly without offsetting the concrete and serious nature improvement efforts of the developed countries as the world's biggest climate-damaging country.Mitigation is a solution
Experts who attended the Climate Change Conference said there are three options to deal with this global disturbance, First MITIGATION, namely efforts to reduce the speed and strength of the rate of global climate change caused by human activities. Second ADAPTATION, ie reducing the negative impact on life. The last option, do nothing and suffer from unavoidable negative impacts with mitigation or adaptation.
Mitigation as a choice is a solution that we can do.
Many efforts have been done well by the government – although not yet maximum – SBY to be awarded the world award for the success of reforestation. Jokowi era, tree planting day last month filled with a clear message, all elements of the community must come to plant trees.
Independent environmentalists calling for the 100 million tree movement in Indonesia are also busy talking about in social media networks. The latest news, the Movement of planting date palms for Indonesia (Gema Indonesia) in cooperation with Go Green Organizer (G2O) campaigning the greening movement by planting date palm trees.
The date palm, a tree called by history in the Qur'an more than 10 times, is a human rescue tree with all its features.
In a scientific framework, the 1 meter high date palm trees can convert carbon dioxide into oxygen in sufficient volume for 2.5 people per day. The ability to adapt palm trees to the environment is very high. **
The date palm can grow at a temperature of 7-40 degrees Celsius, beyond the temperature it does not die but it does not grow, hibernation. This tough tropical tree lives in the heat of the arabic desert while surviving when it snows, as is the case in northern Iran. Not only the fruit, the trunk can be disodet and the liquid can be used as a refreshment syrup or can be a wooden sticks for the furniture industry. The leaves can be used as roofs and expansion of handicraft industry such as webbing.
Unlike the palm that damages the soil and depletes the groundwater reserves, the palm trees strengthen the soil structure and provide nearby water reserves. **
Greening efforts undertaken by Gema Indonesia can be a solution to the crisis that hit the world including landslide, flood and drought and the impact of climate change that hit Indonesia. We can be a follower to take concrete steps to save children and grandchildren for a better life.
In turn, the greening step becomes a mitigation solution and the Indonesian government's efforts will be better prepared for the disaster. Thus the international conference that Indonesia followed on the effects of climate change in Peru is the result.* DNPI