Environmental Problems in Indonesia Located at Political Will

Environmental Problems in Indonesia Located at Political WillState Minister for Environment (Menneg LH), Rachmat Witoelar, said the various environmental problems that occurred in Indonesia is a matter of political decisions, which until now has not prioritized the issue of nature conservation.

"It should indeed be environmental issues on the agenda of all parties, but unfortunately it has not happened in Indonesia," said Rachmat in the forum "Reflection End of the Year Environment and Political Orientation Indonesia", in Jakarta, Thursday.

He further said that Indonesia's environmental problems are also in the choice of whether to be prosperous now or later.

The environmental degradation caused by the exploitation of natural resources, according to Rachmat, raises two types of large groups of those who approve of exploitation and those who prioritize consultations.

The particular damage inflicted by human action tends to prioritize the attainment of welfare right now, without compensating for the conservation of nature.

Rachmat said the strategy that KLH is now trying to apply to address the degradation of Indonesia's natural quality is to involve as many parties as possible to help overcome environmental problems.

"KLH wants to arouse the concerns of various parties, such as political parties and public figures." If the concerns can already be mobilized, it is the state's obligation to lead programs that are environmentally sustainable, "he said.

He added that KLH is very optimistic that the strategy will succeed because now the concern began to increase and the international world also gave attention in the form of assistance and supervision to Indonesia.

Meanwhile, Arbi Sanit, a political observer from the University of Indonesia, notes that the poor management of the environment in the country lies in a "shambles" political system.

"I consider the most important thing to be fixed immediately is the political system, because a president will only be strong in his policies if it is supported by a strong political party," Arbi said.

He specifically responded to the weakness of President Soesilo Bambang Yudhoyono's political policies, especially in policies relating to environmental issues, arising from the president's lack of courage to make firm and strong decisions."Despite winning more than 60% of the vote in the 2004 elections, President Yudhoyono is not able to be firm, not even daring to dismiss his own ministers," he said.

Likewise Director Ginting, a member of the House of Representatives, said that political and environmental policies have a distinctive relationship on a reciprocal basis.

"I believe the paradigm of the country's ability to solve all the environmental problems must be changed, because such a view is very outdated," Ginting said.

He mentioned that KLH should not merely be a "suspect", regarded as the most responsible party, in every environmental issue.

"Environmental issues should be the responsibility of all parties, the interests of all parties," he said.

But in reality, in the state budget the environmental sector gets very small allocations. For re-forestation program "only" allocate 0.4% APBN.

"So do not expect much from environmental conservation efforts or poverty alleviation if funding is still far below the apparatus / bureaucracy spending post," Ginting said.

According to him, APBN is divided into public expenditure – including here the financing of environmental conservation program – 33% and apparatus / bureaucratic spending 67%. (* /

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