Factors Affecting the Development of Social and Emotional Early Childhood

Factors Affecting the Development of Social and Emotional Early Childhood

Image source: https://image.slidesharecdn.com/socialemotionaldevelopment-150330094608-conversion-gate01/95/social-emotional-development-26-638.jpg?cb=1427726858

in early childhood as individuals who experience a unique development. Children develop in a certain way like other individuals. In addition there are similarities in the pattern of development experienced by children have individual fariasi in children's development that can occur at any time.

What factors influence the social and emotional development of early childhood? Factors of social development and emotion of children there are three factors that can give a big influence on social development and emotion of early child as follows:

Heredity factor

Usually there is a mention of this heredity factor as the term nature. And this factor is an inherited characteristic that is derived from biological parents or biological parents to their children. So it can be said the heredity factor is a biological gift from birth.

The innate traits that determine the child's development for the future. Education and the environment have absolutely no influence and no power in the development of a child including his or her emotional and social development.

Environmental factor

Environmental factors are often referred to as nurture. This factor can be interpreted as the complex strength of the physical and social world that has an influence in the biological makeup and psychological experience, including the social and emotional experiences of the child since before and after birth. Now this factor includes all environmental influences including the following influences:


The family becomes the first and foremost environment. Thus the family has a major role in determining the social and emotional development of children. It is in this environment that children first receive education while their parents are educators for them.


School is the second environment for children after the family environment, children in school with teachers and peers. The relationship between teacher and child with peers can influence the child's emotional and social development.Teachers are representatives of their parents while they are at school and the pattern of upbringing and behaviors displayed by the teacher in front of the child can also affect the child's emotional and social.


Simply put, the community here is defined as a collection of individuals or groups that are bound by the unity of the state, culture, and religion. Culture, customs, religion, and demography in a society are recognized or have no influence in the social and emotional development of early childhood.

Common factors

Common factors here are elements that can be classified into both factors (heredity factors and environmental factors). A common factor is a mixture of heredity and environmental factors. Common factors can also affect early childhood development.

Related Post