Farming at Your Own Home (Part 1. Knowing the Variety of Cultivation Techniques in the Narrow Land)

Farming at Your Own Home (Part 1. Knowing the Variety of Cultivation Techniques in the Narrow Land)Land is one of the problems that exist within the scope of agriculture and the scope of hobbyists, especially for the lovers of plants who live on the island of Java.

– Lack of government and community attention to the environment – Design of a chaotic city system – The ease of investors to build housing, villas, factories, and malls – a lack of investor attention on environmental impact analysis

Become the cause of the environmental crisis and various disasters in Indonesia lately. Many productive land that even used as villas, many areas of water absorption which instead used as malls, ditches and rivers a lot of waste, the source of the springs to death because the trees around it felled.

These things we can not handle at the same time, need time and participation of the wider community and the government, therefore, "starting from oneself" is a wise choice. ____________________________________________________________

Conventional cultivation in Indonesia, which is done conventionally requires a large area of ??land, while the problem for now is the reduction of productive land in Indonesia, especially on the island of Java.

Therefore, some ideas, ideas, and innovations emerged to cultivate cultivation in a narrow field (eg, yard) as a breakthrough on the land issue. So far, there are some farming techniques on the narrow land that have been applied and proven to support the economic condition and personal satisfaction of a person, following his review:

1. Planting with Polybag and Pot

This technique is not unusual anymore, of course, polybag is a container that is generally made of plastic material square or rectangular with various sizes, black and transparent, and there are holes around it. While the pot is a container made of various materials (eg clay, plastic, glass, etc.), has a variety of colors and patterns, tubular with a variety of sizes, with holes underneath.

Both pots and polybags have the same role, namely as a container media planting

[/ caption] [caption id = "attachment_310649" align = "aligncenter" width = "500" caption = cultivation of plants with pots "]

2. Hydroponics cultivation of plants

Hydroponics is a term used to describe how to farm landlessly but using water by providing controlled nutrients that contain the necessary enzymes that plants need.

This cultivation technique is slightly complicated because the media and nutrients are used differently, the water that should function as a counterweight, solvent, and conductor of nutrients in the soil, will be converted optimally to serve as the main medium as well as nutrients in plants with charcoal husk husk and brokers.

That way, the fertilizer used is different from the fertilizer applied to the soil, this is because not all plants are able to absorb the nutrients directly from the water, the fertilizer must be soluble with water and can be absorbed by the roots.

So far, fertilizer for hydroponics techniques that have been developed is the A-B Mix fertilizer. this fertilizer is a combination of 2 concentrates of A and Pekat B that will be mixed into water with a certain dose.

[caption id = "attachment_310683" align = "aligncenter" width = "500" caption = "Dexter B"]

[/ caption] [caption id = "attachment_310684" align = "aligncenter" width = "500" caption = "A-B Dense Batch"]

Next is the instrument. Due to this hydroponic technique absolute use of water, an instrument is needed to distribute the nutritious water. This instrument can be designed using paralon pipes, gutter, bamboo, or used plastic bottles, depending on taste and finance. The method of manufacture also varies, depending on what hydroponic method will be used.

The working system of this instrument is to drain the nutrient water from the main container to the right channels of plants are located, then channeled back to the main container.

[/ caption] [caption id = "attachment_310677" align = "aligncenter" width = "500" caption = "instrument 2"]

After that, we can prepare the delivery media, this carrier media to support the plant when the plant is placed on the instrument, this medium also plays a role in binding water that flows so that plants are easier to absorb nutrients, some of these mediums are charcoal husk and cotton Rock wool.

[caption] [caption id = "attachment_310680" align = "aligncenter" width = "500" caption = "chaff charcoal in plastic cups"]

[/ caption] [caption id = "attachment_310681" align = "aligncenter" width = "333" caption = "Installation of chaff char"

After some of the above aspects are available, then we can start planting hydroponically. This technique requires more cost and experience, therefore this technique is rarely encountered. But with the various advantages of hydroponics before, in addition to optimizing the function of water, we will get a new science and unique innovations in the world of plants that certainly pity to miss

[/ caption] [/ caption] 3. Verticulture cultivation of plants

The principle of cultivation of plants with verticulture farming system is to utilize the space towards the vertical, by arranging the growing media in the container so that plantings can be stacked up. This method is much more practical because with one container (pipe or bamboo) we can plant and control more than 1 plant simultaneously.

This is because, one container can contain more than 10 plants are arranged in such a way that allows to grow. The container can be made with a large pipe or bamboo, then the pipe or bamboo body is perforated to place the plant to be planted

Pipe Vertikultur
In this method, planting media and water are channeled directly from the top of the pipe, this is very helpful because it will save water usage, also can facilitate the process of watering. The development of vertikultur cultivation is more rapidly developed than cultivation with hydroponics, because this technique is lighter, efficient, and easy to apply. In addition this technique is perfect for homes with a narrow page, because in addition to aesthetic, also able to produce household kitchen needs

vertical cultivation of plants
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As a good and knowledgeable society, "taking care of and taking care of the environment" is certainly an individual agenda or family agenda that must be implemented at leisure. In addition to helping improve economic conditions, eliminate fatigue and stress, can also strengthen the familiarity of family and neighbors around.

A brief overview of the information on the cultivation of plants on a narrow land, for the description of the above techniques will be more complete in the next article. May be useful.

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