Indonesia is classified as an agricultural country is not able to meet the food needs of the community. This is evident from the large number of cases of hunger, malnutrition and enormous amounts of Indonesian food imports suggesting that Indonesia is not yet in a food-stable condition. Food security is a condition where food needs for the whole society can be fulfilled both in terms of quantity and quality.
The importance of food problems for the people of Indonesia is unquestionable. So every Indonesian leader is required to have an effective solution to handle the food problems experienced by Indonesia. This is also experienced by President Joko Widodo. At the beginning of his campaign, he has promised the Indonesian people that Indonesia can achieve food sovereignty, namely food security through local / domestic production. President Joko Widodo hopes that the sovereignty of this food can be achieved through four main programs, namely: control of food imports, poverty reduction of farmers and regeneration of farmers, the implementation of agrarian reform, the development of agribusiness populist. But will food security and even food sovereignty be achieved with the implementation of this program? Let's look at the explanation of each program.
Imports of food that has been done by Indonesia has been a problem for Indonesia, whereas Indonesia is an agricultural country and was once a country that achieved self-sufficiency (self-sufficiency in rice). Therefore, in the planned food program, President Joko Widodo targets the control of food imports by increasing domestic food productivity, eradicating import mafias, and also developing agricultural exports based on agricultural processing. Examples of food commodities to be increased productivity are rice and corn. Rice production is targeted to increase from 5 tons of dry milled grain per hectare to 5.6 per hectare. The productivity of maize is targeted to increase from 4.8 tons per year to 5.6 tons per year.
The second program to be undertaken by President Joko Widodo is to tackle farmer poverty and regenerate farmers. Poverty experienced by farmers is caused by inadequate income from the farm, price fluctuation, crop failure, and so forth. To make it easier for farmers, President Joko Widodo will build infrastructure that supports the agricultural sector, such as dams, highways, and others. On the other hand, the regeneration of farmers is an important thing to do since the majority of farmers in Indonesia are over 45 years old (Indonesian peasant age in 2014 consists 61.8% over 45 years, 26% 35 years old – 44 years and 12% less than 35 years old). So this is one reason why agricultural productivity is low, in addition to the technology used. The regeneration of farmers is not intended to increase the number of farmers, but for the younger generation to enter into the agricultural sector, innovate in agricultural technology, and can produce optimal output. In order to include the younger generation in the agricultural sector, President Joko Widodo will increase the development and rural economic investment through investment.
The third program is the implementation of agrarian reform. The notion of agrarian reform is the process of restructuring (rearrangement of composition) of ownership, control, and the use of agrarian resources (especially land). This is meant to make farmers own their own land. So this will reduce the number of small farmers, ie farmers who work on land that is not hers, most of whom have an unworthy life. President Joko Widodo targets every farmer to have 1 hectare of land to work on. This will also be supported by the opening of one million hectares of agricultural land in Java and Bali.
The last program that will be carried out by the government of President Joko Widodo is the development of community agribusiness. This agribusiness development is the development of business facilities for the agricultural sector. Development of this agribusiness will be realized in the form of development of farmers' banks, cooperatives and SMEs. Development of this development is intended for the agricultural sector has sufficient funds to grow. Farmer-specific banks are deemed necessary to be built because bank banks that have been there do not channel sufficient funds to the agricultural sector. This is due to agricultural risks that are so high that banks are reluctant to lend their funds.
The author argues that some programs planned by President Joko Widodo have the potential to improve Indonesian food security. The argument in support of the authors' statement is that there is a program that can solve the problems of agriculture and some do not. The main issues of agriculture are bhttps://www.cnnindonesia.com/ekonomi/20141020082500-99-6880/warisan-masalah-pangan-sby-untuk-jokowi/