SUPLIR countless ancient ornamental plants. In that sense, the glorious period of the suplir, sometime in the 1980s, was long gone. However, until now there are still many people who are interested in caring for plants whose English name is Maidenhair this. Perhaps the suplir is still favored because the green leaves can create eye and atmosphere.
However, caring for a maid is not easy. This plant includes a fussy ornamental plant species. All these inconveniences will be paid off when the suplir fits perfectly with the green elegance of the leaves.
One of the main causes of failure in planting a suplir is the choice of media used. If improper growth of the suplir will be hampered, even impossible to die. This is because the root of the suplir is a soft root of the fibers. This tender root is very sensitive to too acidic conditions, too dry, or too moist.
What kind of good planting medium for suplir? The characteristics of a good medium is the texture of the shaft / crumb and the color is blackish resembling compost. If measured with litmus paper, in humid conditions, the degree of acidity (pH) reaches 6-7. If held, a good medium will feel soft like foam and if released will re-expand as before grasped.
Raw materials greatly affect the quality of the planting medium of the suplir. A good medium is usually made of fern / kadaka stem, humus from a crop of Kaliandra, or humus of bamboo leaves.
To add fertility, the media can be added fertilizer. Based on the experience of some hobbyists, good fertilizer is manure from rabbit or sheep dung. If adding manure make sure that the fertilizer used is completely ripe. Mature here means that the manure has been stored for more than 1 month (ideally stored for 3-6 months) so that the fermentation process is completely perfect. Can also be added mountain soil (usually sold in ornamental plants traders with the name of the land of the cattle), rice husks (as a substitute for sand, to obtain the texture of the shaft / crumb), and dolomite lime (to raise pH, if necessary).
Poor media is usually caused by mixing blends. Here is an example of a bad planting media and how to overcome them.
Media planting is too dense
Media color is not blackish. It usually happens because the composition of the clay is too much. Character, if squeezed is not soft and when released does not re-expand. Such media can cause decay at the root because it binds too much water so that the media condition is too moist for the suplir root.
To improve it add sand / rice husk, humus, compost, and manure. Before mixed, the ingredients are sifted first. Comparison of the mixture is 6 parts humus / compost, 2 parts manure, and 1 part padir / rice husk. Next, mix this mixture with the media to be fixed, with a ratio of 1 part mixture and 1 part media.
Media planting too axis / crumbs
Such media have the potential to cause the suplir plants to experience drought. Because, with a grain that is not binding and easily dispersed, water can not be stored properly.Fix it is by increasing its density, but it should not be overcrowded. Mix the soil and manure with a ratio of 1: 1. Next mix it into medium with ratio of 1 part media and 1 part mix.
The planting medium is immature
This kind of planting medium is caused by unfinished materials undergoing fermentation. How to test it is to hold and smell it. If it feels hot and smells bad, it's a sign that the media is not yet mature enough.
Handling it is easy, mature the media first. Way, put the media into the sack and keep it in the shade for about a month. Do not forget to perforate the sack as a means of air entry for the fermentation process can take place perfectly.
Planting media is too acidic
If the medium is too acidic (measurements with litmus paper produce pH numbers below 6.0) the growth of the suplir can be inhibited even to death due to the poisoning of Fe, Mg, and Al elements.
To reduce the acidity of the media, add dolomite lime. However, this addition should not be at once a little so that the plant is not surprised by the sudden pH change. Ideally, the increment is of 0.5-1.0 per week. This pH enhancement action can be repeated weekly until acidity is obtained at an ideal / neutral level (close to pH 6.2). To raise pH as much as 0.5-1.0 need 2 tablespoons dolomite lime every 3 kg media.
By knowing which mediums are good and which are bad, undoubtedly failure in planting a suplir can be avoided.
Adjust to the Region
Media planting suplir, also need to be adjusted to the condition of planting location. For areas with high levels of evaporation, it is advisable to add more clay to the composition of the planting medium (but do not get too dense!). This is because the clay is stronger to bind water and can reduce excessive water evaporation on the planting medium of the suplir. Thus, the planting medium does not dry quickly and the root of the suplir is protected from drought.
Whereas in areas of low evaporation, should avoid using media containing clay. Therefore, the use of clay can cause media too wet and the edges of suplir root can rot. Instead use a media axis / crumb.When to Replace Media?
Replacing the medium of a new supernatural plant, is done when the root of the suplir has filled the whole pot. The sign, the root of the suplir already looks crowded in the pot and the medium is already clot and attached to the root ball.
However, the replacement of this medium also has the potential to cause death in the suplir. The key to successful media replacement is, keeping the soft roots of the suplir plant undamaged when removed from the pot.
Before dismantled, plant should be watered first enough damp enough to be easily removed from the pot. How to remove it, turn the pot to the bottom of the pot is on top. Grasp the base of the suplir so as not to split. Next, release the pot slowly.
Do not forget also to immediately flush the newly replaced medianya suplir. If the weather is very hot, flush the suplir twice a day.
Newly purchased suplir plants should not be replaced immediately. We recommend that you take care of 1-2 months to give a chance to adapt to the new environment, just replaced the medium or moved to a new pot. If the growth is not good enough just add the manure. (Indri Lidya K./www.tabloidrumah.com)