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How do emotions influence our attitudes and behavior?
Emotions are physiological, behavioral, and psychological episodes experienced toward and object, person, or event that create a state of readiness.
For example, hearing about anarchy demonstration. Hearing about it drive your blood pressure to get higher, force your face showing some specific expressions, and make you cant think clearly. Those all exhibit how you respond to an event, and this is called emotion. But its important to distinguish making the same between emotions and getting emotional. Why? Because emotions happen every minute even usually without our awareness. Emotions are not being angry only. Astonished, distressful, happy, etc are some kinds of emotions. So you couldnt say, showing joy towards getting good grade is emotional. It happens naturally. It happens every minute as what I mentioned previously.
Now, how about attitudes and behavior?
Behavior is determined by two processes: cognitive and emotional process. In cognitive process, we include logical reasoning before we behave some ways. This process is conquered by attitudes. Attitudes are the cluster of beliefs, assessed feelings, and behavioral intentions toward a person, object, or event. Attitudes are judgments, whereas emotions are experiences. Attitudes consist of three main processes:
Belief is something we believe to be true. For example, I believe that wage cutting increases cost efficiency. Beliefs are based on past experience and other forms of learning.
Feelings represent how we perceive something. For example, I think wage cutting is good. I perceive this good because my beliefs about it drive me to make positive feelings about wage cutting.
And Behavioral Intentions
After I identified my feeling about wage cutting, I now have motivation to engage in particular behavior. For example, I will then propose this idea to my supervisor or to top management. That is influenced by my feeling about wage cutting.All these happen attribute wage cutting which then determine my behavior. But we also have emotional process which also influence our behavior. Emotional process can directly determine the behavior, without involving logical reasoning. However, we also could transmit the emotional episodes to the feeling process, to involve it into logical reasoning first, before then determine our behavior.
For example, we might back to the wage cutting. Even though I belief that wage cutting is something that can improve the cost efficiency, and my feeling toward it is good, some episodes of my experiences show that wage cutting is something avoid by company since it has caused strikes between labor and management and it drives company into further problems. Thus, my emotions sway my conscious evaluation. The result: i wont propose wage cutting to my company.
So in this example, my attitudes toward wage cutting has changed, and also my behavior.
This one is just a simple example of how emotions affect attitudes and behavior. However, it has led us to the conclusion that the notion could logically explain, hopefully.
* only a pinch detail of a chapter in the book, I need more comprehensive understanding: D
Shane, Mc and Glinow, Von. (2010). Organizational Behavior. New York: Mc Graw Hill