Image source: http://ste.india.com/sites/default/files/2015/10/16/423366-global-warming.jpg
Global Warming we are experiencing now. Hot and hot air we have every day. Climate change has changed the summer pattern is getting longer, more hot and dry partly due to the influence of el nino. Since the industrial era, the average temperature of the earth's surface has risen at least nearly 1 degree Celsius to date.
Rising Earth surface temperatures occur due to the Greenhouse Effect, ie the trapping of hot air from solar radiation retained by the accumulation of the Greenhouse Gas layer (consisting of CO2, methane, N2O), which should be reflected / re-emitted into space. Human activities in the fields of transportation, electrical energy, livestock, garbage, forest fires and so on account for 90% of the accumulation of Greenhouse Gases in the Earth's atmosphere.
Since 2004 at least 42 percent of the ice in the north pole is getting thinner and melting in every summer, according to reports of scientists at the US space agency NASA as written on KOMPAS.com Tuesday 21 July 2009.
Through a report sent by NASA's ICESat spacecraft, scientists have described, overall Arctic Sea ice is depleted by 7 inches (17.78 centimeters) per year since 2004, by 2.2 feet (0.67 meters) over four winters. The findings are reported in the "Journal of Geophysical Research-Ocean". Without a layer of ice, the dark waters of the Arctic Sea more easily absorb the heat of the sun's rays and not reflect them as they do on brightly colored ice, thereby accelerating the Impact of Global Warming. Another impact is the potential release of frozen methane gas in the seabed as much as 400 billion tons will make Global Warming increasingly out of control.
Arctic ice is one of the decisive factors in global weather and climate patterns, because the difference between cold air in both Earths poles and warm air around the Equator moves air and water currents, including radiant currents.
What about the Antarctic Ice Sheet? Some New Zealand scientists have warned that the South Pole is thawing faster than expected. Professor Peter Barrett of the Antarctic Research Center, Victoria University, said the amount of ice lost reached 75 percent since 1996. "Global ice loss from Greenland, Antarctica and other glaciers shows sea levels will rise between 80 centimeters and 2 meters by 2100" , Barrett said. In 2008 Mark Lynas predicted a more extreme condition if Earth's temperature rise of more than 2.7 degrees Celsius melting would raise sea levels to 6 meters.
Recent studies published in the Journal of Climate The American Meteorogical Society's report that: "The average surface temperature rose 9.3 degrees Fahrenheit (5.2 degrees Celsius) to 2100", say scientists at the Massasuchusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), compared a 2003 study that estimated average surface temperatures of 4.3 degrees Fahrenheit (2.4 degrees Celsius).
What is the impact on Indonesia? Indonesia is an archipelago country stretching from Sabang to Merauke. It is easy to guess that many small islands will be lost and drowned and the big island will lose the coastal city and the overall land area will shrink. If there is no active determination and action from the government and all components of society to reduce or reduce greenhouse gas emissions, then by 2030, we will lose about 2000 small islands.
The next consequence is the residents have to move or evacuate, natural disasters will be more frequent such as: drought that will be more severe resulting in calamitous failures and fires, more extreme rainfall caused floods and landslides, farmers / fishermen will lose their livelihoods due to increasingly increasing climate change unpredictable, food products increasingly scarce resulting in famine, disease outbreaks will be more diverse and widespread.
On a world scale, there are at least 14 island states like Sychelles in the Pacific Ocean and Maldives in the Indian Ocean will sink lost from the world map. In addition to the above things happen, the average rise in Earth temperature of 2 degrees Celsius (estimated to occur in 2050), will already make Climate Change more chaotic, rain storms, drought will be more frequent, as much as 20 to 30 percent plant species and animals will be destroyed, especially those that fail to adapt to the Climate Change. The real example we will see is that the existence of polar bears that may remain a matter of time will be scarce and will even perish. Moreover, if the average surface temperature is about 5.2 degrees Celsius, it will threaten 70 to 80 per cent of the destruction of plants and creatures on earth, all animals including humans without exception.From today we: Sayangi Earth, Come plant a tree today (Public Blog Kompasiana, 5 June 2009). We support the mass tree planting program (GO GREEN) or the tree planting program: one person one tree (ONE MAN ONE TREE), so CO2 concentration decreases significantly. Our tropical forests should be maintained, prevent illegal logging and forest fires, reforest the already degraded or deforested forests.
Let's cut back on meat consumption on our diet! By eating less meat once a week alone we have been helping the Earth Love Movement 7.6 times faster than the household-scale energy-saving movements of the year! The livestock industry contributes 9% CO2, 65% N2O and 37% NH4 (methane). Keep in mind the greenhouse effect of N20 is 296 times CO2, while methane is 25 times CO2. The UN data notes that the livestock industry is the largest contributors to Greenhouse Gas Growth, which is 18% (greater than the combined emissions of motor vehicles worldwide of 13.5%), therefore it should be reduced and the former land used for agriculture / plantation to increase human food security (not for the livestock industry) or reforested.
Let's do water, electricity, paper, plastic and other things that are used everyday. Save the use of fossil fuels for vehicles, if possible replace with renewable energy sources as well as environmentally friendly, such as biofuels. We optimize the use of environmentally friendly energy from nature such as sunlight, wind and water (mikrohidro) or even geothermal energy.
The more urgent time, do not inherit the increasingly painful state of the Earth to our children and grandchildren, let's together we do the movement: Love the Earth, Stop Global Warming! Realize Love Earth Movement in everyday life starting from self and family, then we spread to wider environment so that Earth can be free from sickness' due to Global Warming.
Blog SAYANGI BUMI,