The environmental agenda has now become an international agenda in all fields, be it politics, trade, industry and others. This agenda is emerging and growing stronger as environmental awareness is now more prevalent precisely because of growing concern with the threat of the quality of our earth as the only place to live in the universe. Entering the 21st century, reciting John Naisbitt, in fact we are entering the era of the environment, precisely the era of environmental restoration based on love of the earth and all life in it.
Creating an environmentally sound school is a systematic school commitment that develops programs to internalize environmental values ??into all school activities. The physical appearance of the school is ecologically arranged so that it becomes a learning vehicle for all school residents to be wise and behave environmentally friendly. Providing knowledge and awareness raising on clean and healthy life behavior is very effective when done to students since elementary school. A conducive school environment is needed to create a quality learning process.
The School of Cultural Environment (adiwiyata) needs to get our attention, for the simple reason, "Our Earth is getting damaged" the environment we are in is no longer providing comfort. Whoever corrupts this Earth, do not blame the other person or anyone else, we are involved in it (please reflect on it). Who should improve the environment? Understanding the meaning of environmentally sound schools should be to create a truly conducive, ecologically sustainable, sustainable school environment, in a way that is sympathetic, creative, innovative by embracing local cultural values ??and wisdom.
Adiwiyata Program is one of the Ministry of Environment's programs in order to encourage the creation of knowledge and awareness of the school community in the effort of environmental conservation. It is expected that every school participate in school activities towards a healthy environment and avoid negative environmental impacts. In the implementation of the State Ministry of Environment in cooperation with the stakeholders, rolling this Adiwiyata Program.
The word adiwiyata comes from 2 Sanskrit words adi and wiyata. adi has, meaning: great, great, good, ideal or perfect. Wiyata has meaning: place where one gets science, norm and ethics in social life. Thus, adiwiyata has an understanding or meaning: A good and ideal place where all science and various norms and ethics can be found that can be the basis of humankind towards the creation of the welfare of our life and towards the ideals of sustainable development.
The objective of the Adiwiyata program is to create good conditions for schools as a place of learning and awareness of the school's residents, so that in the future the school's citizens can take responsibility in the efforts to save the environment and sustainable development. The main activity of the Adiwiyata program is to realize a caring and cultured school environment institution for primary and secondary schools in Indonesia. The implementation of the Adiwiyata program started in 2006 with the pilot phase for schools in elementary, junior and senior high school / vocational high school level in Java.
Environmental schools (adiwiyata) are not just the physical appearance of a green / shady school, but the realization of schools that have educational programs and activities leads to awareness and wisdom to the environment. Educational programs are packed in a participatory manner, believing in group strength, activating and balancing Feeling, Acting, and Thinking, so that each individual can feel the value of his initiation greatness. The concept of a group is encouraged to be able to create a vision together by understanding what it means to be (definitions), discovering and appreciating what is already there and of course it's best (Discovery), discovering what it should be (Dream), structuring what exists (Design) and take care of it until it becomes there (Destiny), so the result will go beyond what is cool and very synergic to the reality context that exists in school life.The programmatic framework, based on indicators of school cares and cultured environments, a number of criteria set out is intended to facilitate the implementation of the Adiwiyata program so that the criteria need to be elaborated in order to be understood by each program implementation. The elaboration of the criteria has been prepared in a simple way and is expected not to add a burden to the school and its citizens in following the Adiwiyata program.
The city of Magelang is an Adipura-winning city, but it does not yet have a school that received an adiwiyata award, although many schools have beautiful clean and beautiful environments. Currently the Mayor of Magelang launched the program of One Million Flower City. Therefore, the writer initiated to realize the schools in the city of Magelang into Adiwiyata schools.
B. OBJECTIVES OF SCHOOLING ENVIRONMENTAL SCHOOL (ADIWIYATA) IN MAGELANG CITY
The purpose of this idea is to realize the schools in the city of Magelang into Adiwiyata school with an indicator:
Development of School Policy Caring and Environmental Awareness (SPBL)
Development of an environment-based curriculum.
Participatory-based activities / education development.
Development and or management of school support facilities.
Changing the behavior of school residents to conduct a culture of environmental conservation.
The realization of school institutions that care and cultured environment for primary and secondary schools in the city of Magelang.Improve the savings of financial resources through the reduction of resources and energy.
Improving teaching and learning conditions that are more comfortable and conducive for all citizens of the school.
Creating a condition of togetherness for all citizens of the school.
May avoid various Environmental Impact Risks in the school area.
Being a place for students to learn about the maintenance and management of a good environment, and true.
Awarded Adiwiyata School Level Magelang City, Central Java Province and National Level
D. PROGRAM DETAILS
In order to realize the schools in the city of Magelang into schools adiwiyata, then the program:
1. Development of School Policy for Caring and Cultured Environment
To realize a caring and cultured school environment, it needs some school policies that support the implementation of environmental education activities by all school residents in accordance with the basic principles of Adiwiyata Program that is participatory and sustainable. Development of the school policy include:
Vision and mission of a caring and cultured school environment.
School policy in developing learning environment education.Human resources capacity building policy (education personnel and non-education personnel) in the field of environmental education.
School policies in an effort to conserve natural resources.
School policies that support the creation of a clean and healthy school environment.
School policy for the allocation and use of funds for activities related to environmental issues.
2. Development of an Environment-Based Curriculum
The delivery of environmental materials to students can be done through an integrated or monolithic curriculum. The development of materials, learning models and varied learning methods, is conducted to provide students with an understanding of the environment associated with daily environmental issues (local issues).
Development of the curriculum can be done, among others:
Development of learning models across subjects.
Excavation and material development and environmental issues in the surrounding community.
Development of environment-based learning methods and culture.
Development of curricular activities to improve students' knowledge and awareness about the environment.3. Development of Participatory Based Activities
To realize a caring and cultured school environment, school residents need to be involved in various environmental learning activities. In addition, the school is also expected to involve surrounding communities in conducting various activities that provide benefits both for the citizens of the school, community and environment.
These activities include:
Creating extra-curricular activities / curricular activities in the field of environment-based participatory in schools.
Following environmental action activities conducted by outsiders.
Building partnership activities or initiating the development of environmental education in schools.
4. Management and / or Development of School Support Facilities
In realizing a caring and cultured school environment needs to be supported by facilities and infrastructures that reflect environmental management efforts. A conducive school environment is needed to create a quality learning process. Giving knowledge and awareness formation about the behavior of clean and healthy life feels very effective when done at student early on. It is hoped that when they are outside the school environment, they are able to implement a clean and healthy life like at school.
Schools that are cultured environments as one container of increased knowledge and ability of students have an important role in contributing to changes that occur in the family. How to appreciate clean water, understand the importance of reforestation, utilize proper sanitation facilities and manage waste into inseparable fertilizer in an effort to improve clean and healthy life behavior. As the smallest component in society, changes that occur in the family will have an impact on the community.
Processing of the school environment can be done through increasing the knowledge and ability of students in the management of water, garbage, energy and pages around the school.
a) School Water ManagementThe availability of clean water in schools is necessary in relatively large numbers. This is because the number of school residents consisting of students, teachers, and employees can reach hundreds of people. So that the need for clean water will be much more. The type of water needs at school is to drink, clean the floor, clean the toilet, wash the laboratory equipment and water the plants.
The sources of clean water used for meeting the needs of school residents can come from PDAM water, dug wells, pump wells, or springs, which are channeled to schools located in the mountains. To reduce the limitations of clean water in schools, can be done with savings through priority determination. For example, clean water is only used for drinking and filling the bathtub, while for other purposes such as cleaning toilets, cleaning floors and watering plants use water coming from rainwater storage tanks.
In addition to creating a healthy school condition, schools must meet the criteria, including cleanliness and room ventilation, canteen cleanliness, toilets, bathrooms, hand washing facilities, health services, health education, counseling guidance and community participation management.
Therefore schools need to provide rainwater storage basins, both in the form of pools and wells. The source of water that fills the ponds and absorption wells should come from the rain falling from the roof of the school building or from the water of the former wudu and hand washing. Then flowed through the pipes to the pool and absorption wells, so that the water is still clean not mixed with mud. Schools located in developed countries generally already have wastewater management technology. So that the clean water available to meet the needs of the school does not come from its source, but reuses the water already used through wastewater technology.
Wastewater treatment technology used is certainly very expensive. Our country has not been able to meet it, let alone held in schools that amount very much. There is a more efficient way to overcome the limitations of clean water in schools that can be done by the citizens of the school. The way is to make water savings during pamakaian and always close the tap water when it looks open so that water is not wasted.
b) Waste Management in School
In order for waste management to take place properly and achieve the desired goals, then every waste management activities must follow the ways of good and right. What is the importance of waste management in schools? In principle, the fewer and closer the waste is managed from the source, the management will be easier and better, and the affected environment is also less. Stages of waste management in schools are:
Prevention and reduction of waste from the source. This activity begins with sorting activities or organic and inorganic separation by providing organic and inorganic waste bins in every school area.
The reuse of waste consists of:
Utilization of organic waste, such as composting (composting) garbage that is easily decayed can be changed manjadi environmentally friendly compost to preserve the function of school area. Based on the result of research that by doing composting activity organic garbage composition reach 70% can be reduced until reach 25%.
Utilization of inorganic waste, either directly or indirectly. Direct re-use, for example manufacturing of handicrafts made from scrap materials, or recycled paper. While indirect utilization, such as selling used goods such as paper, plastic, cans, old newspapers, bottles, glass and bottled drinking water.Final waste dump. The rest of the waste that can not be utilized economically either from composting activities or the utilization of inorganic waste, the amount reaches + 10% must be discharged to landfill final (TPA) at school ..
c) Energy Management in School
The use of energy in schools is very important for the learning process to run properly. The use of school energy is usually to illuminate the rooms, to turn on electronic items such as computers and learning media, drain water pumps etc. With respect to public facilities such as schools, we should be jointly responsible for maintaining and saving on their usage. There are many ways in which you can manage energy in schools, for example through the use of sunlight to illuminate classrooms, libraries, laboratories, etc. Conserve water usage because it uses electricity, turn off the lights that are still on during the day. Turn off electronic devices such as computers and televisions when not in use.
d) School Page Management
School as a place to learn needs to have a clean and healthy environment in order to create a comfortable learning atmosphere. We can imagine if our school dirty and unhealthy, would be very disturbing teaching and learning activities. Make sure your classrooms are clean of garbage, dust and unpleasant odors. Even you can add it with perfumes and live plants in pots. A clean and healthy school environment not only in the classroom but also outside the classroom, as in the yard. School pages in addition to the beauty, also need to pay attention to health requirements. Unhealthy school yard can lead to various diseases that cause discomfort for all citizens of the school.
From the above description it can be concluded that the idea of ??initiating an environmentally sound school (adiwiyata) in Magelang city is a program to make schools that implement the values ??of love and care about the environment at school. Environmental-based teaching and awareness of the importance of the environment of the school community is an important part of the school environmentally sound. An environmentally sound school is also a form of appreciation that the government has given to the school. The award is called adiwiyata award. There are several components that become assessments of environmental schools among others.
1. Development of School Policy of Caring and Cultured Environment.
2.Pengembanagan Environment-Based Curriculum.
3. Development of Participatory Based Activities.
4. Management and Development of School Support Facilities