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A police officer in Indonesia, call it AIPTU Labora Sitorus, can have a savings of 1.5 trillion. Is this luxury that makes KAPOLRI so sexy so many people and state institutions in this republic willing to spend energy to discuss the position of KAPOLRI? Tau ah dark! What is certain KAPOLRI's position is very sexy, because directly under the president. He is not a member of the cabinet, but the appointment and appointment of a KAPOLRI often reap the dispute. What an irony! If there is a dispute, he will squeeze out a president's energy as it did the last month.
As we all know that the United States (US) is a democracy with the oldest presidential system in the world with population of at least 315 million people (data 2012) apparently has no national or federal police. Police in the US is highest at the state level. Basically, the police in the US are formed by the regional head and are responsible or report to the regional head. Police in the US are formed according to the characteristics and suitability of their respective territories. There is no command relationship between the police and the police. According to the nature, suitability and jurisdiction of the police in the US are as follows:
Regional Police (Sheriffs)
A friend asked was not the FBI the US federal police? The FBI (Federal Bureau of Investigation) is not a police institution. The FBI is a federal investigative body headed by a director. The FBI is one of several law enforcement agencies under the justice department (U.S. Department of Justice), such as DEA, U.S. Marshals Service, ATF, and several others, led by the Attorney General.
Why is it always AS referenced? Is it because the US is the oldest democracy? Yes, right. But there are sentimental reasons that are rarely known to Indonesians. Indonesia is the only country outside the US to ever use the US. United States of Indonesia. United Republic of Indonesia.
State policing is unique according to the nature and suitability of the territory. The general task of the police is to enforce the law and investigate criminal acts, enforce traffic laws on state and interstate highways, secure state office complexes, protect the governor, train local police in police academies, provide scientific and technological services, and assisting local police in complex, intricate cases of jurisdiction between districts.
In general, state police under the governorate services such as public safety offices, transportation agencies, or natural resource agencies. But there are police directly under the governor, such as the Illinois State Police. While the State of Hawaii did not name his agency with police, but the public safety service, which consists of two divisions: Sheriff and Narcotics Eradication Agency. Of the 50 states, 22 use the term police police, 18 use the term highway patrol (eg, California is well known in the CHIPS series), and seven use the term patrol state.State police chiefs are usually called chiefs. Generally they are given the rank of colonel who in charge of the rank of major, captain, lieutenant, sergeant, corporal (not always), and officer (trooper). The given rank is the same as the army. It's just that there is no gap for the rank of lieutenant, sergeant, and corporal.
The list below is an example of the Alabama State Alabama (Alabama Highway Patrol) rapture.
Just to note that the states in the US geopolitically divide the region into several areas called the county. Perhaps in Indonesia it is similar to residency. Counties that have metropolitan cities tend to have their own police force called county police. But not always. For example the State of Hawaii. Although Hawaii is a state, the police are similar to county police. On the other side there is a county guarded by the sheriff's office. So the determination of the type of police level depends on the nature and suitability of each region.
Major cities in the US have police agencies according to the nature and suitability of each city. The larger the city and its population, the greater the number of police officers needed. There is no command relationship between the city police and the state police. The governance of big city police organizations is very diverse and every city is not always the same. The similarity lies only in its parent, ie under local government office or mayor. The appointment and dismissal of the police chief was done by the mayor.
Naming or naming the head of the city police is also not the same. In New York City the chief of police was called chief, while in Chicago City was called a superintendent. The New York City Police (NYPD) is the largest local police force in the US followed by the Chicago City Police (CPD) as the second largest, followed by third rank by Los Angeles City Police (LAPD). Example of a major city police appointment.
List of NYPD appointments
List of CPD lift
Regional Police (Sheriffs)
Data 2008 says there are about 3,085 sheriffs in the US. From the powerful two to the very big ones like the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department (LACSD). Despite the sheriff type, LACSD is the fourth largest organization after the NYPD, CPD, and LAPD. There are two states that do not apply sheriffs: Alaska and Connecticut.
Unlike the police chief, the sheriff is not appointed by the head of the county, but is chosen by the people of the region concerned. Nevertheless the head of a local area may dismiss a sheriff, if he violates the code of ethics of office. A four-year sheriff's term in force in 42 states, while Massachusetts six years, New Jersey three years, and New Hampshire and Arkansas two years.The sheriff's job is not much different from the big city police. The more tasks they carry in law enforcement, the greater the power of the sheriff. The term sheriff himself refers to one person. The sheriff is the one who leads the sheriff's organization. A sheriff is supported by one person, hundreds of people like the San Francisco Sheriffs Department (SFSD), to thousands of people like LACSD who employ as many as 18,347 people (data 2010).
List below SFSD sheriff lifting sample.
Since there is a special task statement, we should not imagine this kind of police as a special forces commander. What is meant by the police of special duty is the police of security guards at special places, such as airport police, port police, campus police, school environment police, office guard police or local government assets, park police, and so on. In addition to creating a sense of security, the police are also in charge of enforcing the law in its jurisdiction.
The appointment and dismissal of the police chief of this special assignment is authorized by the authority on which the policeman is in charge. For example, campus police by rector or campus authorities, port police by port authorities, and so forth. The appointment is very varied according to the nature and suitability of the place.
List of New York and New Jersey Harbor Police departments
The description of the police institution above is certainly far from adequate. There are very many law enforcement agencies in the US. In addition to the police and federal law enforcement agencies under the attorney general are still many more federal law enforcement under the US Department of Homeland Security and several other departments.
With so many law enforcement agencies it does create complexity and incompatibility in working. They are attached to their respective jurisdictional areas. Not infrequently they clashed in law enforcement in the sense if faced with a gray area between state / state law and federal law.
On the positive side, however, no one is given the opportunity to create a legal empire within the institution. If anyone tries it, then other law enforcement agencies will provide legal resistance. A deputy sheriff can even arrest a federal agent, if he breaks the law in the territory of the sheriff's jurisdiction. In the absence of a command relationship between the sheriff and the federal agent, the legal settlement is free from executive intervention, since a sheriff is elected by the people of his territory.
The other positive side that is not less important is when we watch a movie about the police, we already have a flash description of the police structure in the US. :-)Very different from the face of law enforcement agencies in the Republic of Indonesia, which is the only country outside the US who ever use the US. United States of Indonesia. United Republic of Indonesia.