Forests are areas or areas covered by trees, shrubs and other vegetation. Forests should be the world's main suppliers of oxygen. Forests are also a source of biodiversity and natural resources (wood and energy).
It has always been heard that Indonesia is the world's lungs. All this is evident from the vast forests of Indonesia donate the world's oxygen, pure oxygen from the expanse of forests in Indonesia. Starting from eastern ladder, until the western closed. Millions of hectares of oxygen-producing forest from the process of photosynthesis. Both primary and wetland forests such as mangroves, are naturally laid on the coast of Indonesia.
FOREST LAND INDONESIA
The total area of ??Indonesia's forests covers 847,522 km2 with Percentage of total area Country: 45.56% Indonesia is the eighth country with the world's largest forest. Indonesia is the largest forest home in Asia. Indonesia's forests are home to nearly 30,000 plant species. Indonesia's forests that are also relied upon as the lungs of the world lately have a very sad deforestation
MANGROVE, SPECIAL FOREST COASTAL
Indonesia's mangrove forest is one of the places it can be found in the province of West Papua with an area of ??2.25 million hectares is the largest mangrove forest in Indonesia and is the best example of the type of habitat in Southeast Asia. The widest formation of mangrove forest in West Papua is one of them located in Bintuni Bay, which is 260 thousand hectares and that means that Bintuni area mimiliki area of ??10% of Indonesia mangrove forest.
Based on Indonesian Mangrove experts, a large carbon storage store is an important negotiating card in climate change negotiations in Paris, according to new study authors published in the journal Nature Climate Change
"Indonesian policy makers should make the discourse of protection and sustainability of mangrove management as a potential solution to climate change mitigation," said Daniel Murdiyarso, chief researcher and principal scientist of the International Forest Research Center (CIFOR). "But to achieve these advances, it is important to protect and manage mangroves sustainably," he added.
Based on the reference, mangrove biomass content of 219.05 m3ha and 200.8 m3ha of carbon dioxide content. Becomes the biggest oxygen contributor of the photosynthesis redox process.
RESEARCHBased on the authors' research for the southern sorong region, where the area supports 3 percent of the total mangrove area of ??Indonesia, it provides a pure oxygen effort of 900.14 CO2 tons per hectare (Sea Project Data, 2017). Especially for the district of south and the surrounding sorong, in scop per district. This condition can be said the largest oxygen-producing region in Indonesia, is West Papua.
This is seen from natural mangrove forests that exist around other West Papua. It can be estimated that a species of a certain size can contribute approximately 40,000 Tons / Year of pure oxygen for human absorption, such as Rizophora sp species that covers most of the Bintuni Bay natural forest.
Of course the amount can supply the oxygen needs of all humans in most parts of Indonesia. Because for us to know The need for oxygenation is a physiological need that is a basic human need used for the survival of body cell metabolism, to sustain its life, and for the activity of various organs or cells.
But on the other hand, massive and massive massive Basal Blocking of mangrove areas determines the reduction of this resource, especially in West Papua. Lots of potential land for cassettes production needs, mines, wood processing and other large-scale land needs.
Gradually continue to erode the natural forest of mangroves. Coupled with other pressures that make the process of reducing mangrove forests faster. Pressure from the increase of domestic waste in the Bintuni Bay District is determined by the consumption and waste disposal around, the waste which is dominated by plastics, glass, nets up to B3 waste. Trash covered many mangrove roots. Up to thousands of kilos up to mangrove follow-up (association). Of course this should be our concern Together.
Not to mention the conversion of mangrove forests into shrimp ponds in South Sorong, which explores thousands of hectares of mangrove forests, this is clearly the sectoral ego seen. Reducing or contaminating mangrove forests, as well as reducing healthy oxygen levels for every human body. Of course also increasingly dismantle the word "Indonesia as the lungs of the world", making the more sad and stunted. It is also true that if the bad results of the hands and the brains of the wrong thinkers will be a real risk to everyone.
In this issue, sustainable processing is one of the closest answers, with reduction efforts Stopping mangrove deforestation appears to be a complex and uneasy policy challenge. Of all that is the root of the problem is how we can sit together and create a consistent policy in maintaining mangrove forests, to continue to be one of the lungs of the world.
Actually we are not unable to do the management of integrated and sustainable, but one-way view becomes a strong barrier to it, the harmonization between institutions that intersect with mangrove is not synchronized. Overlapping, until mutual policy impetus becomes a trend that can not be tampered with. Sustainable management is not just forbidding, but also preserving and utilizing.
Other sources: Nature Climate Changewriters menikamti every trip and dedicate themselves in the underwater world, let's see the profile of other authors on: