A deeper scientific understanding of Indonesia's carbon-rich and rapidly shrinking wetlands is urgently needed to help reduce the sources and impacts of climate change. That understanding leads us to think and utilize Indonesia's vast wetlands to cope with the increasingly public climate change that the public is talking about.
Many Indonesians do not know the benefits over the wetlands. They only see from the economic side that has been published mass. One prominent author says that although tropical wetlands, especially mangrove and contain the highest carbon stocks among all forest types, many countries and policymakers have little or no basic data on these fragile ecosystems.
More labor and funding should be allocated to promote collaborative and cross-disciplinary scientific research. The island nation has half the tropical peatlands, containing more than 30 billion tons of carbon, and nearly a quarter of the world's mangrove forests.
The management of this large reserve of carbon through sustainable land management will have significant impacts on climate change mitigation including mechanisms such as Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation. However, the wetlands owned by the Indonesian people are increasingly narrow due to natural and human processes. Natural processes include warming earth temperatures that create drought in wetlands, whereas the human process is to make the wetlands to be settled land areas where the Indonesian population every year is overwhelming.
These impacts or risks are making communities uneasy about the challenge of constraining climate change. Includes the destruction of the wetland ecosystem if the natural and human processes continue to take place. The impact is real if Indonesia's wetlands can not be cultivated in the hope of weathering climate change as worsening extreme weather, floods and droughts, the danger of rising sea levels, and threatening their livelihoods and food security. Of course this becomes our discourse and project to make use of wetland to prevent climate change.
It is not wrong if the science lessons become one of the main lessons in Indonesia even for high school in many schools that in its majors they take science. Because what science can explain the elements in the wetlands to be presented an object of innovation that explains finding a balance between the conservation agenda and economic development.
Nationally and locally more attention needs to be given in land use policies in mangrove forests, which protect lowland coastal areas from storms, high waves, and salt intrusions. This is considered because mangroves are one of the members of the wetland ecosystem as well as the safeguarding elements of marine abrasion.
Remote sensing, data exchange and transparency are also highly recommended. Meanwhile, communities can also play a role in monitoring change, building knowledge, and participating in sustainable management.
In addition to storing carbon, wetlands, such as mangrove forests, provide energy and nutrients for coral reefs, support coastal areas against tropical storms and serve as a breeding ground for fish and wildlife, all factors that can help protect communities against climate variability and climate change.
But all this will work perfectly and perfectly if Indonesia's security and defense system is strong. Why is that, because if we have a strong system then we at least reduce the destruction and deforestation of the tropical wetlands continues at an alarming rate.