Indonesia is rich in flora and fauna as a gift from God Almighty. Unfortunately this wealth is not well preserved. Human greed is the main cause of the destruction of biodiversity. The wealth of flora and fauna is shrinking as many are extinct and some in rare categories. If we just keep silent, the remaining species will be threatened with extinction.
Similarly, the Javanese Owa, an original Indonesian animal that existed only on the island of Java. Java Owa or in Latin is Hylobates Moloch is a kind of monkey without tail whose habitat exist in West Java and Central Java. Among others on the Dieng plains. Ujung Kulon, Gunung Halimun, Salak Mountain, Puntang Mountain, Gunung Gede and Pangrango. Currently the number of population is only about 4000 head. They are in protected forests or protected National Parks.
With concern over the fate of the Javanese Owa CSR Pertamina invites Kompasiana to visit Gunung Gede-Pangrango National Park (TNGPP) Bodogol, Sukabumi, West Java as one of the conservation sites for the Java Owa. A total of 20 kompasianers are involved to see first hand the action of rescue Javan gibbon at Bodogol Nature Conservation Education Center (PPKAB)
We gathered in front of Bentara Budaya Jakarta since 06.00 WIB. Entourage using the bus, which slid without congestion through Jagorawi. The hilarious MC Yosh Aditiya entertains during the trip with a quiz with prizes. We arrived at the Bodogol Nature Conservation Education Center (PPKAB) by noon. There's been waiting for some off-road vehicles that gahar. Well, I have not taken the vehicle for a long time to exciting to see it.
Utilizing Land Rover and ssejenisnya as off-road vehicle is right, because it is known taft and stubborn in muddy road once. I chose the one that uses the red cross symbol and sits at the front with the pe-de. Understandably, a tomboy like me is very fond of challenges, and this is one of the things I like best. Each car contains 5 to 7 people
Two vehicles had drove in front of the car I climbed. The car is red, with five selected people visiting the Javanese OW quarantine enclosure. Because if all entered, later the animal was shocked and stressed. The five were chosen after winning a quiz held by Yosh Aditya, coupled with Asita DK. Vehicles go hand in hand like a convoy down the road through the vegetable gardens of a local farmer.
A few hundred yards later, we began to enter a very slippery muddy trail. Just for a while, there are tires that skid and the car was shaky to the right and to the left, but with the expertise of his driver, we still drove down the path of the road. But the journey more tense because the path was past the side of the cliff. Several times the jeep must mingslep into the mud and slammed into the brink. For me, this trip is very adrenaline.
Of course the unusual kompasianers with off road adventure into panic and pale. In my car, there are up to wet you know. Mbak Yayat who was beside me was very tense. Similarly, Mas Rahab, who tried to calmly focus on making photos and videos. I see the 'occupants' of the car in front already lost the joke.
Eventually we got closer to the gates of Bedogol National Park. The red car turns right toward the quarantine cage. While other cars continue to enter the conservation forest. We were down greeted by fresh air that filled the lungs after a lot of holding the breath on the way off road. In the resort has been provided hot drinks and snacks in the form of fried cassava and boiled bananas.
While resting, we listen to the explanation of Mrs. Badiah, Head of Area III of KLH, which oversees the Bodogol National Park. Badiah's mother explained that the Java Javan's population is getting worried, so the government and related parties are trying to preserve the rare animals by providing Java Javanese habitat in Gunung Gede-Pangrango National Park. Pertamina, as a state-owned enterprise that cares about nature conservation, contributes about 500 million Rupiahs per year, specifically for the Java Owa.
Bodogol National Park has existed since 1997. There are 13 families of Javanese Javanese who live in this place. An average family consists of four individuals and holds 10 to 17 ha of area. Every morning this Javanese Owa brings sounds like singing in reply as a sign of starting activity."We call it a Morning Call," said Mrs. Badiah.
Javanese gibbons that have lived in the forest, are different from those in the observation cage. Those at home must undergo a series of exercises before they are released. Therefore, the Javanese gibbon in the cage usually confiscated from residents or smugglers. They were treated and fed at will, so that the Javanese Owa lost its original instinct.
For example, baby Owa is kidnapped from his mother. So since childhood he was separated from the mother and his family. He only knows what humans are giving him. It takes a long time to make the child of the Owa know the habitats and habits of animals of its kind. After several months in training, then he can be released into the forest.
According to Mrs. Badiah, I can come to a conclusion. Indeed there are five things that became the main cause of the extinction of the Java Owa. LIma this is what we must prevent and avoid for the survival of Java's Javan can be maintained.
The first thing is the Java Owa is a very sensitive animal. Not only sensitive to human existence, but also to changes and the environment. Javanese gibbons are also susceptible to diseases, especially those carried by humans. Therefore, if we visit the quarantine and observation cage, then our footwear should be cleaned with disinfectant, and use a mask.
Second thing, Javanese gibbons are animals that easily become stress or depression. If man treats him improperly, then this animal becomes stressful and can cause death. For example, the mother of the Owa who lost her baby (due to human being) will experience stress, will not eat to drink to death. If the parent dies, then the partner (stud) will be stressed and also die. In other words, kidnapping a Javanese Owa means killing one family at a time.
Thirdly, wild hunters still like to infiltrate the protected forest to capture the Javanese Owa. Rare animals are profitable commodities, have high selling value. Especially to the rare animal collectors, who are usually rich and conglomerate. These hunters never thought of the fate of the next Javanese Javanese family.
The fourth, rapid population growth, threatens the habitat of the Java Owa. First, people cleared wood for timber and sold. Secondly, the forest land that opened into the settlement of the population. By itself, the forest area shrinks and eventually makes the Java Javan habitat also diminished.
The fifth thing, Javanese gibbons have monogamous properties, or are loyal to one partner for the rest of their lives. This led to the breeding of the Java Owa not as fast as other primates of polygamy, one male with several mothers. If the female is dead, the stud will not seek a substitute and eventually die. Breeding was stalled.
Down the protected forest
After hearing the explanation from Mrs. Badiah, the kompasianers were divided into three groups before entering the conservation forest. I was in a group of three, departing later while waiting for friends who had been to the cage. After joining, then we walked through the forest, guided by a volunteer named Pak Pelo.While walking, Mr. Pelo explained what was in the forest. It turned out that in addition to the Java Owa, this protected forest also became a habitat of leopards and eagle Java. But we do not need to worry about leopards because these beasts usually avoid humans. While the Javanese eagle is above the trees.
According to Mr. Pelo, this forest has 83 types of medicinal plants and nutritious that can be used. There are leaves to cure diseases cough, fever etc.. There are also plants that are useful for beauty, and some even can be eaten, if we kepepet run out of food in the forest. While walking, Mr. Pelo shows the leaves that are useful. But we must be vigilant as well, because there are also plants that make skin itchy, though available antidote.
Trekking down the forest is actually not too far away, only about 1.3 km. But because the terrain is slippery and up and down, it feels a bit heavy. Especially for those who rarely sport and 'excessive' weight. Alhamdulillah, as a nature lover, I still can enjoy up and down the mountain despite the growing age.
On the way we passed a suspension bridge called the Canopy trail. The bridge is 'just' 45 meters from the ground, hanging between large trees. This bridge should not pass many people at once, but a maximum of five people (including the fat), so as not vulnerable broken. As we passed, the bridge wobbled.
Uphill journey that makes some kompasianers begin to run out of breath, including some admins. Finally they took time to rest by sitting in the roots of large trees. After feeling stronger, then continue the trekking back to the origin. I feel healthy and fit with this trekking.
After the trekking, we returned to rest in the original place. After that, immortalize kompasianers and Pertamina togetherness in front of the gate, with a row of jeep cars that will take us. The trip back off the road is not as grim as the departure time as some of the land begins to dry up.
Eat duren and rafting
Down from Land Rover, some dirty compananers clothes hit by mud splashes. Similarly, the white shirt I wear, on the arms and on the full back totol mud that would be difficult to remove. Let it be an unforgettable memory. We then boarded the bus again, taken to Warso farm famous for its delicious duren.
In Warso farm there is a statue of durian and a giant dragon fruit that became the identity of this place. The late lunch tasted delicious, as the trip drained the energy. After eating rice, we were treated to a ripe durian and fragrant semerbak. Each one durian for one table containing four people. While we were taking a break, we listened to Mas Agus's description of CSR Pertamina, about other Pertamina programs.
We take a break at Amaris Bogor hotel. Then the next morning was ready to rafting in the river Caringin. Whitewater rafting became one of my favorites because it was full of challenges. One team of five guys with one guide. Rubber boats go through four rapids that are quite stressful. We enjoy this rafting while screaming and water wars as much.
Satisfied playing water in the river Caringin, we had lunch together around Batu Tulis. There we also listen to the exposure of Pertamina CSR program in Pantura line, especially Subang, in empowering the poor. Mushroom cultivation and waste recycling are the focus of education there. Pertamina is extraordinary in trying to build this country.Eco Run Pertamina
In order to support the conservation of nature and the rescue of endangered species, especially Tuntong laut and Owa Jawa. Pertamina organizes running events open to the public. There are two options, namely 5 km and 10 km. Start starts at Taman Impian Jaya Ancol. Let's prove our concern by following this event. More information can be found at https://www.imroadrunner.com/pertaminaecorun2017