Most countries inherit a class system based on descent where white people are in the top class, but the numbers are few. People of mixed blood in the middle class and the Indians and blacks in the lowest layer. But today, social position is no longer determined from heredity. The Indians, blacks, and mixed-blooded men are not merely categorized as inferior status.
In Brazil and the West Indies, many blacks are qualified in art, business, politics and science. In Mexico, having Indian blood is a pride for many people. On the other hand, being white does not always guarantee a high social position. White people can now be found in all classes, with the highest percentage being in countries with small Indian and black populations.
The Indians, are indigenous for thousands of years after migrating from North America. They can be found throughout the region before the arrival of Europeans in the late 1400s. The Aztecs, the Incas, and the Maya are examples of high-cultural Indians. Europeans colonized large parts of the region and forced indigenous people to work in mines and plantations. Millions died of ill-treatment, war, or disease transmitted by Europeans. In some areas, the Indian population is almost extinct. Those who survived climbed into the highlands or into the wilderness. The largest Indians in Bolivia, Ecuador, Guatemala, and Peru.
White people, are descendants of Europeans, originally Portuguese and Spanish. Other Europeans such as Britain, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands and Poland also arrived from the early 1800s. The largest percentage of European descendants exist in Argentina, Costa Rica and Uruguay, while large populations are also in Brazil and Chile. Blacks, are descendants of Africa who were taken as slaves from the 1500s to the 1800s. Millions of them were initially forced to work in West Indies plantations, coastal Central America and South America.
Blacks are now the highest percentage in Barbados, Haiti and Jamaica. The West Indies region, the central and southern mainland mainland plains also have a large African population. Bloody mixed people, are descendants of intermarriage for centuries between Europeans, Africans and Indians. As a result, most of the population is of mixed blood descent. The largest groups are mestizo, Indian and European descent and mulatto, European descent with Africa. Mestizo is a majority citizen in El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Colombia, Mexico, Paraguay and Venezuela.
While mulatto also many in Brazil, Panama and West Indies. Asians, are descendants of Asians who immigrate to most of the arriving in the 19th to 20th centuries. The great Asian descendants are Chinese, Japanese, Indians, Koreans, and Filipinos. Chinese, Korean, Indian and Japanese descendants live in almost all countries. The population of Japanese descent in Brazil is the largest Japanese community abroad.
The population has a population of more than 562 million inhabitants (in 2010), a 3-fold increase since 1960. Population spikes resulted in high birth rates and improved health systems so that mortality rates have declined. An estimated 1/3 population under the age of 15 years. Area is 8 million km with uneven population distribution. Density of 27 people per km. The central and southern regions have little or no inhabitants covered with dense forest. Grasslands, dry deserts, high mountains are also rarely inhabited. Population concentrations are on the banks of rivers, coastal and lush highlands.
In certain areas it can become very crowded, including Barbados, Puerto Rico and the islands in the West Indies, which are among the most populous places in the world. Other densely populated regions are on the coast of Brazil, particularly the southeast, in central Mexico, and northern Colombia and Venezuela. Language Most people speak in European languages ??that colonize their country. Spanish speakers cover 2/3 of the population, the official language of Cuba, Dominica, Mexico and most of the countries of Central and South America.
While Portuguese is spoken as much as 1/3 of the population, especially in Brazil which makes it the official language. The Indians spoke in Indian and became the official language. In Paraguay, the Guarani Indian language is an official language other than Spanish. Bolivian people have 2 Indian, Quechua and Aymara languages ??as official languages ??besides Spanish. Religion The laws of all countries guarantee freedom of religion. Most people are Roman Catholics (80%), with a Protestant minority.
Other religions adopted include Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam and Judaism. Some Indian tribes mMeat is quite rarely eaten because it is expensive. However, in Argentina and Uruguay where cattle are large, beef is an essential ingredient. Residents on the banks of rivers and coastlands catch fish and shellfish. Cuisine is generally spiced a lot and given chilli to taste spicy. In the tropics, bananas, mangoes, oranges, and pineapples are very abundant and the inhabitants are fond of eating fruits. Popular drinks include coffee, fruit juice, and tea mate. Alcoholic beverages such as beer, rum, wine, and aguardiente (brandy from cane juice) are also widely drunk.
Medium and upper classes enjoy more diverse cuisines such as meats, fresh foods, and preserved food. But many people in the inland and slum areas suffer from malnutrition. Recreation Carnival Brazil, Rio De Janeiro People berekreasi in various forms, such as sports.
The most famous sport is football. Many footballers are considered the most popular sportsmen in the world such as Pel and Diego Maradona. Baseball is popular in the West Indies and South American region near the Caribbean. A number of popular baseball sportsmen in the United States and Canada. Cricket is widely played in Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago. Bullfighting was held in Colombia, Mexico, Peru and Venezuela.
Traditional celebrations are called fiesta (festival) held on the day of statehood or religious festivals with colorful parades. During the fiesta many music, dance, costume and fireworks performances were held. Carnival Brazil is the largest festival in Brazil held for a full week, day and night on 40 days before Easter. Coastal cities like Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo are best known for their carnivals and marches. Music Typical music is diverse. Indian music is played on religious occasions, especially in many Indian populated areas.
Europeans introduced many of their musical instruments and types of music. Mestizo music comes from a mixture of Indian and Spanish music. African music was influential in the West Indies and South America region, among others in Merengue music from Dominica, Calypso (Trinidad), Samba and Bossa Nova (Brazil). The playable musical instruments are made of wood or metal such as quatro (guitar 4 strings), marimba (like kolintang), maraca (rattle from pumpkin), flute, trumpet, violin, tambourine, and harp.
Indian and African dances usually feature their distinctive dances during religious festivals to commemorate birth, marriage or death. Europeans introduced European dances that also featured in religious ceremonies and community festivals, mostly rooted in Spanish and Portuguese dance, among others, Cueca (Bolivia and Chile), Joropu (Venezuela), and Jarabe Tapatio (Mexico). African influence is seen from rumba dan cha-cha dance. Other famous dances include Tango from Argentina, Samba from Brazil, and Salsa and Conga from Cuba.
External links (English) History of dance (English) Sports at References ^ a b c (English) People of South America, gosouthamerica.about.com. Access date: 30 March 2011 ^ (English) Lasting legacy of Brazil's Japanese, bbc. Access date: 26 March 2011 ^ a b (English) RELIGION-LATIN AMERICA Indigenous Peoples Divided by Faith, ipsnews.net. Access date: 26 March 2011 ^ (English) History of Tortillas History of Tacos, gosouthamerica.about.com. Access date: March 30, 2011 ^ (English) Carnaval! Brazil's biggest party, gosouthamerica.about.com.