Save energy and find new energy sources. Which is more important between the two.
Equally important and both must be dilalakukan right now! Not tomorrow or later because our oil and gas (oil) energy reserves are getting thinner, while pamakaian and energy needs continue to increase.
In this article I will only focus on the importance of saving energy. Why? Because, how much energy reserves we have and how much new energy sources that we find, if we are still wasteful in its use, still our energy source will quickly run out.
Then, how can we save energy?
We must know the cause, why we waste energy? Let us both think and ask ourselves each. The answer is, we are wasteful of energy because of lack of awareness and care.
Not unconscious but unconscious! Because we actually know from various news in the mass media (print, electronic and online), that our oil and gas reserves are getting thinning. Even to meet the needs of oil and gas in the country we must import. As said by the Head of BPS Indonesia Suryamin, that oil and gas (oil and gas) is still the main cause of import growth. Oil and gas imports grew 17.17 percent to 606.3 million US dollars. (Republika.co.id).
In line with BPS's note, Vice President of Strategic Planning, Business Development & Operational Risk-Refining Pertamina, Ardhy N. Mokobombang said, "By 2020 we have to import three times more than the current volume, Indonesia will become the largest oil importer country.
Again the problem, we know but less aware and less concerned.
We take just a small example, our fuel consumption for everyday purposes. Si A, about to go to a place that is not too far away, in fact he can use a motorcycle with fuel consumption is economical, even can use a bike that is not fuel. But the A, prefer to use a car that of course more fuel consumption alias wasteful.
What is done by A, above is a picture, that the fuel consumption of our society largely not to meet the actual needs but to meet the needs of his ego. Si A, knows that it's a waste of fuel, but he's less conscious and less concerned about the importance of saving fuel.Building Awareness and Concern
How to build awareness and public awareness about the importance of saving energy? And where do we start?
To build awareness and care, we must learn from people who are aware and caring. Then, to whom we should learn? Since I am a villager, a farmer's son and until now still a farmer, I will invite you to learn from the farmers how to save energy.
[caption id = "attachment_270832" align = "aligncenter" width = "560" caption = "Farmer of rice harvest"]
Do farmers understand how to save energy? Do they know that our country's oil and gas energy reserves are running low?
The peasants may not well understand the theories of energy; from where the energy is gained, how to process it, what energy is used or how to find new energy sources and so on.
But do not think that farmers simply do not understand about energy savings, because now they have received many information through various media, both print media, electronic and online media.
Farmers are already practicing how to conserve energy, maintain and conserve energy sources. Most of the farmers do not have higher education. But parents, their ancestors and their ancestors teach and practice at the same time how to live life in harmony with nature. Their principle is when they take from nature then have to restore back to nature.
From that awareness, care is growing to preserve and preserve the environment around them. One of the statements I often hear from farmers is that what they have and do now is not just for them right now, but to be inherited to their children and grandchildren.An elderly farmer who still diligently planted a tree in his field, when asked what they planted a tree that they would not enjoy the results? What's their answer? What I plant at this time the results will be enjoyed by my children and grandchildren later.
That is, they think far ahead. They are not just thinking for now, but they are thinking about what they will inherit for the next generation.
Farmers use alternative energy sources
Back to the topic of discussion about the need to conserve energy, let us learn from the wisdom of farmers using and saving energy.
Prior to kerosene and later LPG programs from the government, farmers in the village used to use firewood for cooking in the kitchen, in the fields or in the rice fields. The farmer in our village called it torches. The cooking place uses a pawon that is a stove made of mixed ground coconut mixed soil.
The furnace is made manually by hand without mold. Formed elongated with a length of about 80 cm, width 40 cm and height 20 cm. The hole consists of two sections, a large front hole for cooking rice and frying pan, while a rather small backhole for cooking water. The soil mixed with coconut husk, once formed into a furnace, is dried under the sun. After drying the furnace the soil can be directly used for cooking. There is also a cooking stove made of sand dough and cement.
[caption id = "attachment_270835" align = "aligncenter" width = "560" caption = "Cooking stove from sand and cement fueled firewood"]
Until now, some farmers still use pawon and firewood for daily cooking purposes. In addition to using stoves and firewood, some of them are also using kerosene stoves and gas stoves. After the kerosene stove has changed with the gas stove, the furnace is still maintained. Usually gas stoves are only used for certain events only, not used every day. The reason is certainly to save costs.Why do farmers in our village prefer to use firewood instead of kerosene and gas (LPG) fuels? Because in our village, firewood is still abundant, easy to get and cheap does not even have to buy. If anyone is free why to look for a pay, so maybe think of them.
Because in our village there are many trees, to find firewood is not so difficult. Just picked up a branch or a dried twig that fell under the tree. Or use Bangkol (long bamboo with a hook at the end) to draw dry branches still attached to the tree. So not only men who can find firewood, housewives can also find firewood. If you want more firewood, must climb up the tree, cut off dry branches that can not be hooked using bangkol.
The farmers know very well, the tree whose dry and semi-dry branches are trimmed, the growth of the branches, leaves and fruits will be better.
One again, the benefits of using firewood for cooking is the ashes of the burning residue can be used as fertilizer for trees, rice and palawija. So, the use of firewood as a fuel in addition to saving energy, is also beneficial in maintaining and preserving the environment.
They may not be overly familiar with the issues related to oil and gas energy and efforts to save their use, but they are already practicing and modeling us on how to save energy while keeping the environment around them.When many kerosene stove users are dysfunctional because kerosene will be replaced by LPG, these modest farmers are not too dizzy, the kerosene stove is retired and they use firewood again. Not many protests or complaints, because they know how they can use alternative energy and save the use of fuel oil is increasingly rare and expensive.
The farmers in our village also prefer to walk when they go to the fields or rice fields rather than riding a motorcycle. Motorbikes they only use when traveling long distances, go to certain occasions or celebration events. This is also one way they save energy. Without any prompting or appeal they are very conscious to save as much energy as possible.
We who like to confess about the waste of the use of fuel, who like to protest and complain when the price of fuel rises, sometimes not aware that during this time we are quite wasteful in the use of fuel. We are not aware because we feel still able to buy whatever the amount of our fuel consumption. We are not aware that all this time the state must import fuel and bear the subsidies that burden the state budget.
With all humility, let's learn from the mindset and lifestyle of the simple but effective farmers save energy. Without a lot of talk and energy-saving talk, they do it in a simple way.
Everyday a homely farmer's family
As an illustration and inspiration, let us consider the daily activities of a farming family in our village, Wanakerta village, Purwadadi subdistrict, Subang regency, West Java.
When the morning is still dim, when some people are still sleeping or lazing in bed, a couple of farm families have been up and showering. Mother tani, call her name Ma Carlis (55 th), was busy cooking in the kitchen for lunch to the fields. Her father, call her name Pak Sahmad (60 years old), is busy behind the house feeding her chickens and pet ducks, while collecting chicken manure and ducks for vegetable fertilizer in the rice fields.
After cooking and preparing the farmer's equipment, a husband and wife immediately leave for the rice fields. Walking down the path a mile from their house. Arriving in the rice fields a pair of farmers are directly down to the fields to check the rice fields and water channels may have leaked. Checking the rice clumps, there may be pests that attack.
Ma Carlis, gets the job of checking the crops planted in the rather high rice fields. Manure mixed with ash that had been brought from the house sown between the crops that have begun to bloom. Ma Carlis seemed pleased to see that the crops he planted and cultivated would soon bear fruit.
Around the hour of 10, Pak Sahmad and Ma Carlis apparently already feel hungry. They both cleaned themselves in the paddy fields, rested in the rice field shack while eating supplies they brought from home. The typical village cuisine is simple but no less delicious eaten together in the hut of rice fields.
The ingredients of the typical village menu are almost all cultivated by themselves, from rice, vegetables, chillies, fish, chicken meat to fresh vegetables.
After eating and taking a break, they both went back to work until late afternoon. Before returning Mr. Sahmad collects firewood for supplies in the kitchen. And it is usually done almost every day by pak Sahmad. So usually the supply of firewood in the kitchen is enough to cook a week.
In the afternoon before sunset they both go home. Although looking tired after working all day, they are still eager to live their days in the fields. Moreover, the next few days they will harvest rice. Their work every day for three months would be fruitful.
Upon arriving at home, Ma Carlis did not sit back for a rest, but rushed into the kitchen to cook rice, side dishes and vegetables for dinner. As usual the fuel to cook it is firewood.
After the Magrib, they both eat. After quite tired of working all day in the fields or fields, the simple menu for them feels very delicious. Before going to bed they usually chatted with close neighbors, recounting their livelihood activities in the fields and fields.Such is the daily life of this simple farming family. Undertake daily activities in a humble manner. Make the most of the natural wealth available around them wisely. They also use energy only as needed, not wasteful and excessive let alone greedy. They live their lives by maintaining harmony and the balance of nature.
Where do we start?
Well, after learning from the way farmers save energy, where do we start energy saving efforts? Simply, let's start with 3 steps: from yourself, from the little things and start right now.
Let's get used to using energy wisely, then teach what we do to family, relatives, relatives and friends so they also do the same.
Simple is not it? So, let's start right now.
If you want to know more about the daily life of farmers in the village, please stop by here.