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The Ministry of Forestry (MoF) plans to establish a Forest Management Unit (KPH) and conduct a potential standing auction in the process of managing natural forests production outside of Java.
Auction of this stand potential, said Director General of Forest Production Development (BPK) Hadi S Pasaribu, in Cisarua on Sunday, will replace the auction of timber forest product utilization permit (IUPHHK) which has been done to give the private sector a concession.
With the plan, according to him in the Forest Development Workshop held by Forestry Journalist Forum (Forwahut), there will be no more IUPHHK auction, even though the existing HPH still exist until the license period is up.
Hadi explained that the forestry department is currently working on a plan to form a Forest Management Unit (KPH) which will become the executor of this cutting auction. The establishment of the FMU is expected to be an alternative policy for the management of forest areas to be self-managed from hatchery to logging, as well as non-timber activities.
In addition to the standing auction potential, he said, this FMU can also execute contracts with the industry.
Moreover, there are now 7.14 million hectares of national production forests currently under no management condition and the potential for forest resources minus, while 12.98 million hectares of production forests with no management having SDH plus potential.
Meanwhile, 9.31 million hectares of production forest has a potential SDH minus although there are 214 units of IUPHHK that manage it and 28.27 million hectares of which have good potential and managed 289 units of IUPHHK on it.
To manage the natural forest area outside Java in a single watershed ecosystem, Hadi said, "Together with the local government, we will establish a Forest Management Unit (KPH), as Perum Perhutani in Java, with watershed parameters and community local custom. "
Therefore, the local government in managing the KPH will be able to independently finance hatchery activities, planting, until the maintenance of plants in the area, both in production forests and protected forest areas or conservation areas.
Thus, according to him, the management of one KPH will be able to be done sustainably in accordance with the rules applicable because the harvesting is only implemented based on the amount of potential available.
On that occasion, the Director General of BPK also ensured that timber auctions will be conducted more transparently. Through the establishment of KPH and the auction of this stand, he said, "We also want to restore the forestry sector based on natural resources can become the largest foreign exchange earner."Most importantly, according to him, how forest security no longer makes the forest department dizzy.
According to the Director General of Forest Protection and Nature Conservation (PHKA), Arman Malolongan, this safety factor becomes crucial considering the large number of poor people in the forest area which reached 10.2 million people.
With dependence on forest resources and great poverty, Arman said, it is not surprising that they are easily exploited by cukong in illegal logging. Moreover, in the domestic market there is a supply gap and the need for raw materials for industry and the existence of black market.
Meanwhile, he said, weak law enforcement resulted in no deterrent effect and caused the government to lose 12-0 in the trial of illegal logging cukong. On the other hand, wood is still a prima donna as a source of PAD.
Therefore, said Arman, the forestry department is now also preparing the draft regulation as a breakthrough effort, such as establishing a minimum penalty.
Efficient and competitive
On the other hand, the industry must be restructured to be more efficient and able to produce more competitive products in the international market.
According to Hadi Pasaribu, in the future the development of the industrial sector is no longer focused on plywood, but towards the development of pulp and paper industry, woodworking, and sawn timber.
For the wood panel industry, said Executive Director of the Indonesian Wood Panel Association (APKINDO), I Ketut Kaler, the machinery restructuring is expected to devalue products to achieve high machine efficiency.
At the marketing level, according to him, is how to counteract the actions of NGOs that often discredit Indonesia.
To move the industry in the forest sector, upstream should also be able to provide raw materials optimally and sustainably and there is a recalculation of stand potential in natural forests as well as the development of plantations as an effort to diversify raw material sources, through clear boundaries.According to forestry observer from IPB, Hariadi Kartodihardjo, the gap in raw material supply with the needs of the industry actually has the potential to reduce the number of poor people in the forest area.
The problem is, Hariadi said, often the bureaucrats in the forestry department are stuck in their own policy (policy trap).
"The rigid rules of regulators often turn off the creativity that comes from the community, related to their survival without destroying the forest." (* / rit)