Today, Muslims around the world have entered the holy month of Ramadan. This month is greeted with joy because the Muslims had the opportunity to increase their charity coffers and worship opportunities. The most special of this month is certainly a shiyam or fasting.
But apparently, this hunger and thirst-hungry activity is not only unique to Muslims. From the long history of fasting, there are many religions out there that also carry out fasting activities. Let's see what religion!
Bahai is a monotheistic religion that developed in the 19th century in Persia (now Iran). Now followers of this religion are spread in India, Iran, Israel, America and some European countries. Baha'is perform fasts in the month of Ala, the 19th month of the Bahai calendar, or March 2-20 in the Christian calendar yearly. Just like Muslims, they also endure hunger and thirst from morning until evening to get closer to God.
Fasting on Buddhism is done while practicing meditation. Many Buddhist schools practice fasting on the full moon day and other festivals. Based on the Buddhist tradition, fasting here means refrain from food. They can still consume fluids.
Catholics generally practice fasting and abstinence ahead of Easter or Lent. Fasting for Catholics means reducing the amount of food eaten. Usually, this is accomplished by eating only one serving of food once a day, from Ash Wednesday to Good Friday. While abstinence can be a meat-eating abstinence, which is done every Friday during Pre-Easter.
4. Eastern Orthodoxy
The Eastern Orthodox Church is the second largest Christian church in the world, with an estimated 225-300 million followers. The Orthodox Church is embraced largely by Greek, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Ukrainian and other Eastern European countries. It has also become a minority religion in several Middle Eastern countries such as Israel, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria.
Fasting for Orthodox Church means not eating meat, milk (and dairy products), and eggs. Fish are also abstinent during certain fasts. The period of fasting can also be many times in a year such as, Great Lent or Pre-Easter (fasting 40 days), Holy Week (7 days), Fasting Nativity (40 days), Fasting Dormition (2 weeks) and Fasting Apostles. Wednesdays and Fridays throughout the year are also considered as fasting days unless it falls on a certain celebration day.5. Hinduism
Often referred to as the oldest religion in history, Hinduism is a very dominant religion in India and Nepal and spread also to Southeast Asia including to Indonesia. Fasting is an important worship for Hindus because it is carried out from dawn to dawn the next day. Yep, 24 hours full. Fasting is usually done on new moon day and celebrations like Siwaratri, Saraswati, Puja and Durga Puja. While the Balinese Hindu people perform fasting on Nyepi Day starts at dawn until dawn tomorrow.
Judaism is a unique religion, philosophy and way of life adopted by the Jews. The majority of Judaizers inhabit Israel but also spread in the United States, France, Britain and other developed countries. Fasting run for 25 hours from sunset to sunset again on Yom Kippur day, the holiest day for Jews. Hari Tisha BAv is also commemorated by adherents of Judaism by fasting.
Mormonism is the idea that begins the establishment of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Originally developed in New York, USA in the 1820s. Now the Mormon church is based in Utah, USA and has opened branches and places of worship in various countries with a membership of over 15 million followers. Fasting is held on the first Sunday of the month, otherwise known as Fast Sunday. Money saved by fasting is donated through the church to the needy. After the breaking, the church members gather to one by one deliver a testimony of a kind of shahadah for the Mormons.
Paganism is a polytheistic belief that believes in many gods and goddesses in God's manifestations. In the ancient pagan era it may be described as a worshiper of gods and sepreti idols run on Ancient Egypt, but the pagan modern age now calls itself the religion of the earth. The pagans run fasts before the day of Ostara or the day of the spring begins. Some of the total fasts do not eat and drink, others just reduce the portion of the meal alone.
9. Evangelical Protestant
Evangelicism is a Protestant movement that began its momentum in the 18th and 19th centuries when The Great Awakenings raged in England and North America. These people practice fasting according to the church's instructions, organization or community. It can also be self-willed for the sake of solidarity and spirituality and as a form of a request for something to God. Evangelical followers have spread across America, Brazil, England as well as some Asian and African countries.
10. ProtestantFasting is not a fixed tradition for Protestant Christians. But like Evangelicals, church and community policy can be a reference to fasting. How to run it also according to the will of adherents, whether the total hunger and thirst or hold one of them aja.
Can you imagine it? Apparently, the teachings for tepa selira, do not exaggerate and also feel what felt by those who have trouble also exist in many religions in the world. And for you who will welcome Ramadhan this year, Hipwee say good-bye!