Arctic – Global warming is a very popular issue from year to year, along with increased activity that causes the temperature of the heat on Earth to increase.
Globally, precipitation is predicted to increase by 2 percent for every degree of warmer planetary temperature increases.
Quoted from page Newscientist, Thursday (23/03/2017), increase in warm temperatures in the Arctic reportedly doubled. So it appears predicted that in 2091 later snowfall in the Arctic will change in the form of water.
"This is quite a bit, roughly 50 to 60 percent increase seen from the Arctic width, we found that most of the rise in the potential for water rain is due to the melting of the ice in the oceans due to arctic warming," said Richard Bintanja, a climate researcher at the Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute – which combines data from 37 climate models to predict rainfall in the Arctic between 2091 and 2100.
Qinghua Ding, a climate researcher at the University of California, Santa Barbara, who was not involved in the study, also spoke about it.
According to him, all climate models that are used lead to the effects of global warming as an important factor in climate change.
"No matter where you are in the world, rising temperatures mean the air can store more moisture and become more humid," Ding explains.
Arctic sea ice coverage has been declining for decades, and the region has repeatedly set record lows in recent years.
When the sea ice falls, it opens a vast open water area that increases massive evaporation that leads to more clouds and rainfall.
Nevertheless, the rainfall is not snow, but rain water. This cycle occurs repeatedly due to the heat of air temperature which affects the more frequent melting and rain ice.
"If current weather trends continue to happen and all indications continue to roll, then it could be that the process of searching ice in the Arctic will happen sooner than expected, so we will have Arctic sea without ice, you will even be able to go to the North Pole just by ship, "added Bintanja.Rain Effect
"Eighty years from now, we do not know how much CO2 is available, but I'm sure it will be very warm in the Arctic, and the anthropogenic cause will overwhelm anything, the increase in rainfall will cause the effects of water flow," Ding said.
Rain can melt snow that usually reflects light, making the soil absorb more heat from the sun. While melting snowflows can alter the salinity of the Arctic Ocean, which can harm marine species.
Not only that, winter rainfall and the loss of ice in the Arctic can threaten the polar bear and deer population, because it affects the way they hunt and the food.
So will rain water in the Arctic rival this type of thing that happens at the South Pole?
"Not year-round, every year there may be a week of rainy period like in London, but in the future it will probably be more than that, maybe a month like in London," Ding said.
While Bintanja says that the Arctic tends to experience the amount of annual rainfall that usually falls on the edge of the Arctic, in places like northern Norway or Alaska.