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Currently heavy rain and strong winds often hit the city of Surabaya. One of the consequences of such heavy rain is the flood. Flood is almost all over the region in Surabaya. Heavy rain and strong winds This is included in one example of extreme weather. This extreme weather is caused by sudden climate change.
According to (Gibbs: 1978) climate change is a statistical opportunity for various atmospheric conditions, including temperature, pressure, humidity, which occurs in an area over a long period of time. The area in Indonesia includes the Oldeman climate type, according to the Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) described on its website, the type of climate Oldeman is a climate type developed based on the criteria of wet months and dry months that occur respectively.
Climate Indonesia type Oldeman this means time for each season is arranged based on the criteria of the wet months and the dry months. But circumstances can also change because it adapts to several factors. Factors affecting climate change as mentioned on the BMKG site are El Nino and La Nina, Dipole Mode, Asian-Asian Monsoon Circulation, Inter Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ), Sea Surface Temperature in Indonesian Territory.
Climate change can make the weather change that initially cool becomes colder because the temperature and pressure increases or can increase the intensity of rain so that it becomes heavy rain and flood. On the contrary, the heat becomes hotter and causes drought.
Changing the initially hot to cold can also happen. For example in the morning the weather is hot and in the afternoon suddenly cold to rain. Therefore Climate change that occurs suddenly greatly affect the extreme weather which will also affect the rain and strong winds in Surabaya.