Image source: http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_qINdoiCwM3k/SSOwRVc8sQI/AAAAAAAAAMo/_tQhELy0JVw/w1200-h630-p-k-no-nu/19112008045.jpg
If we speak the culture and diversity of customs and traditions that exist in Indonesia may not be endless deh. Yes because so many unique cultures that Indonesia has made neighboring countries are often jealous of it.
One of the cultural heritage ever claimed by our neighboring country is batik. Batik is already a legacy of humanity for oral and non-material culture by UNESCO. But consciousness to preserve cultural heritage is running low.
One of the endangered batik both in terms of model and motive is missing batik Basurek. Probably still not many people know about this batik, most of you already know with batik typical of Solo, Pekalongan, Jogja or other type of batik that exist in Java island. Batik Basurek is derived from the island of Sumatra more precisely in the province of Bengkulu. Anyone knows? Let's find out first.
Batik Basurek, batik inscribed calligraphy inspired from Qur'anic verses and has existed since the 16th century ago
According to the Great Indonesian Dictionary, batik is a pictorial fabric that is specially made by writing or putting the night on the cloth, then processing is processed in a certain way. Batik is a clothing that has been known to many people in Indonesia. Many unique motifs and patterns that characterize Indonesian batik.
Once upon a time of traditional ceremonies, there are in some batik cloth is indeed inscribed with Arabic letters and letters that can be read. However, for now it is mostly just an Arabic-like decoration.
But maybe different from this batik Basurek, still few people know of its existence. Basurek is Malay language which means written or written. It can be translated as a cloth that has a motif from a letter or writing of the Qur'an. The influence of Islam is very strong on Besurek cloth and can be seen from the many motifs of calligraphy. It is said that this batik has existed since the 16th century and was originally introduced by Arab traders and Indian workers.
In the past, batik Basurek a very sacred cloth and contains many pieces of the holy verses of the Qur'an. So it should not be used haphazardly
Basurek batik motifs depict life of flora, fauna, and influence of Islam. Besurek Batik usage is not as free as batik cloth in general. The glory contained in Arabic calligraphic motifs that generally contain prayers, praise to Allah SWT, as well as pieces of the holy verses of the Qur'an.
This cloth is very sacred, especially on the use of ceremonial cloth and to cover the corpse. This type of fabric is usually a veil of bride-bearing women who are used for the pilgrimage ceremony to eat the ancestors.
Batik Basurek generally have a variety of colors, there are black or blue color, red, red heart, brown, yellow or yellowish. Besurek cloth with black or blue color is usually used to close the corpse and close the keranda. Meanwhile, Besurek cloth with red, red heart, brown, yellow and yellow is usually used for ceremonial purposes such as for brides and weddings.Batik Basurek was lost is not produced because no artisans continue, but slowly the land began to rise and be conserved
Art crafts to make batik Basurek among the people of Bengkulu had experienced a period of vacuum for decades and batik Basurek had lost from civilization. It was rare people save even wear them again. This happens because people's interest in batik Basurek has been getting down plus the level of economic problems are increasingly difficult, so batik is not considered important.
As a result many batik artisans of this Basurek who folded and did not preserve it again. The greatest impact at that time, the batik artisans of Basurek had many died and the successors are batik craftsmen Basurek no one can make it again and unique motifs of batik Basurek already Until finally around the 1980s Bengkulu Governor at that time re-promote batik art arts Basurek by training batik craftsmen and generating old motives that have been lost.
The unique of batik Basurek has a bright and diverse colors, plus a fusion of motifs of nature are alluring
Original batik motif Basurek fabric known since hundreds of years ago patterned Arabic bare. Other history mentioned, this Bengkulu cloth is a fusion of calligraphy motifs Jambi and Cirebon area which later adapted into a typical cloth Bengkulu.
Besurek batik has a brighter and diverse color. In one piece of batik Besurek, there are many blend of motif in it, for example calligraphic motifs combined with Raflesia flowers plus a combination of colors and unique motifs are nice to see.
For modern Besurek Batik, usually calligraphy has no meaning and only as decoration like Arabic letters only. In its development, Besurek's motif is then combined with other ornaments such as clove flower ornaments, Raflesia Arnoldi flower ornaments, kuau bird motifs (birds composed of a series of letters of calligraphy), nail motifs nickel sprigs (plant niches can be found in Bengkulu)
Slightly sad to see it, batik Basurek increasingly lost prestige in the eyes of young people and lost fame with other batik
When batik Basurek began to rise against backwardness, many problems to be solved. One of the successors of hard-to-find artisans. Young people as the successor and guard to preserve batik basurek prefer modern clothing mode than batik Basurek. Batik Basurek is often considered ancient and not contemporary. So in the eyes of young people now batik Basurek more just just decoration.
Handwritten batik for one meter is done about one day, if printed batik a day can produce thousands of meter
Not only the role of young people who arguably less, now the role of the craftsmen also experience many obstacles. One of the many batik Basurek that uses materials from print (printing), not from batik tulis. Materials taken many come from China. Batik print is considered more effective and efficient in the batik industry and it also helped shift handwritten batik. Surely the quality of batik hand or batik besurek Bengkulu much better than the print or screen printing. But the craftsmen lost in the efiseinsi time.To continue to maintain its existence, let's keep watch and preserve. Do not let there is another culture we claimed neighboring countries yes!
Basurek's motives have evolved and remain preserved. One way yes by wearing it. Indeed, it is not easy to give awareness to users to preserve it. Therefore, in this case the role of government is expected. Fortunately in this case the government of Bengkulu Province is quite sensitive and caring, since 1990 batik Basurek also used as a mandatory clothing for Civil Servants.
Not only used as a mandatory pakain for civil servants in the province of Bengkulu. Currently Basurek batik is also used as a uniform for school, and office. The design of his shirt also has undergone many changes and variations so that batik bersurek very elegant if used in every activity, especially on formal activities.
Until now Besurek batik has been used and known by everyone and all circles. Even Besurek batik is already often displayed in various events both nationally and internationally.
Other Helpful and Entertaining Articles
Behind the Beauty of Yogyakarta Batik Motif, Saved Many Meanings That Make You Tute Wow!
7 Suitable Batik Style Create Hangout
Living in a Dormitory, Who Said Not Funny?
Already Know Not, Batik That We Wear Everyday That Not Sure Batik Lho
15 Tourist Destination You Must Visit in Bengkulu