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This concern is not without reason, the variety of natural wealth in the form of flora and fauna (mega biodiversity) can not be denied to make Indonesia widely known to the other corners of the country. However, this if it can be said from year to year as the diversity of biodiversity on earth is shrinking towards the extinction due to various causes or consequences.
Moreover, the biodiversity of biodiversity means so important to sustainability and science amid the increasing incessence of scouring either on land or in the ocean that is related to all the fate of the creatures of hiup until later whether it can still continue or just a mere story and only remaining only a photograph and live story ?
The living habitat of all creatures in the form of forests with various biodiversities (flora and fauna) such as plants and animals becomes the most apprehensive of its present destiny and existence. While we are with animals and plants is an integral and inseparable mutuality. Not only worry but also sad to see the facts presented in events that often whack the fate of animals and plants is no exception we are human. Even the rate of forest destruction in Indonesia is said to beat Brazil. In other words, Indonesia's forests are the country's most severely damaged forests.
Based on data WWF mentions; From 2009 to 2013, Indonesia's lost forest area reached 4.6 million hectares. Or in other words, Indonesia's forests have an area of ??about 130 million hectares of the 180 million hectares of Indonesia. The one already in the moratorium is 64 million hectares and about 40% is in good condition. While Indonesia's forests have been damaged by approximately 60%, (Source data, from the Forest Service).
Forest destruction of many causes other than fires, large scale openings or expansion of plantations, illegal logging or development. In addition, mining is suspected to be the mastermind of the loss of most forests in Indonesia. The disappearance of most of the expanse of forest becomes another issue for the living order of living things, especially animals and plants as an integral whole in the food chain. According to National Geographic, about 70% of plants and animals live in forests and deforestation also affect the habitat loss of various species living in the forest. The loss of forest cover is not uncommon for climate change as it is characterized by unpredictable weather. In addition to some natural-caused effects such as floods, flash floods and landslides.
Another thing that is not less great happens in addition to the loss of habitat of animal life and plants often become a commodity that is not infrequently also traded massively in the black / illegal market. The rise of protected wildlife trade also exacerbates the circumstances that tend to affect some people (people) to hunt wildlife in the hope of getting paid from the sale and purchase of protected animals. Whereas already clearly Law No. 5 of 1990, on the conservation of Natural Resources and Ecosystems, as stated banning; kill, injure, pick and sell. If the violation is punishable by 5 years imprisonment and a fine of Rp 100 million.
The protected animals that have always been the victims (a real threat of extinction) such as orangutans in the level of worrying the situation dialamnya (habitat of life) in the form of forest that is still getting more and more diminished in number. The same thing happens to other animals such as sailors, kelempiau, sailors and pangolins whose scales are always anticipated hunters. No exception bekantan which is the animal (primates / animals) who live only on the coastal river. Even worse is the fate of the hornbills. Where the beak throughout the year is always traded as does not stop happening and increasingly widespread. Likewise, elephants are often hunted for their tusks or rhinoceros with their horns and tigers taken by the hunter's skin. Currently, even the Ministry of Environment and Forestry has set as many as 25 priority animals that must be protected in 2016. In addition to sustainability, tens of these animals will also be increased population. Certainly not without reason, hoping protected animals can be saved from the threat of extinction.
According to Mariamah Achmad, as environmental activist and also Manager of Environmental Education and Campaign Media from Yayasan Palung said; the existence of wildlife in our tropical forests is a natural wealth that we must guard and preserve. We need to be wiser in treating them as their populations are increasingly in the wild, let them live comfortably in their habitats, and keep their remaining habitat. Further according to Mayi,