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In recent weeks, the State Electricity Company (PLN) continues to socialize the discourse of simplification of non-subsidized electric subscriber groups from 1,300-4,400 VA to 5,500 VA with no migration costs. The plan of this program will begin next year in Java and stay waiting for "ketok hammer" from the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (ESDM).
President Director of PT PLN, Sofyan Basir, explained the reason behind this plan of electricity class simplification is the existence of increasingly more electricity reserves belonging to the red plate company. It is said, for three years there is already 7 thousand MW of electricity that comes in the system derived from existing power plants, especially in Java reserves can reach 30-40 percent.
Another reason according to Sofyan, because during this community desire to increase power is hampered by the cost of an expensive extra if you want to change to a higher class. So PLN took the initiative to simplify the class and society can more easily add power without having to pay more expensive.
Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources (ESDM) Ignatius Jonan also ensured there was no increase in tariffs for the addition of electric power. Communities with electrical power to 5,500 VA will use the same rate per kilowatt hour (kWh) as the tariff for the 1,300 VA class.
But is it true, this uniformity has absolutely no impact on society?
As a cloud person, I must honestly declare that it is very risky to do this electrical group uniformity to all consumers even though PLN and ESDM Ministry guarantee no increase in tariff per kwh.
The first reason, obviously the purchasing power of people is different so that when there is uniformity, there are some people will get worse economically. Especially if it is true as YLKI echoed that the unification of this class using a new formula that is minimal usage. Because according to Daily Chairman YLKI Tulus Abadi, minimal usage formulation potentially catapult the customer bill.
Loh how come? Sincerely give an example, the minimum usage for 1,300 VA is 88 kWh (Rp 129.000), while the 5,500 VA class usage of at least 220 kWh or equivalent to Rp 320,800. This means that although the basic rate does not change, there will be a minimum cost incriminating customers. Not to mention the cost of new cable replacement and Certification Eligible Operations (SLO) that also must be borne by the community.
I am sure PLN has not conducted a survey or feasibility study on its customers and more basing the measurement of this policy to the possibility of getting a profit only.
The second reason, this uniformity will definitely affect the pattern of electricity consumption in the country.
We can not deny that public awareness in "consuming" is still not good so that if the excessive power is given then their use will be excessive. energy observer and researcher of the Center for Energy and Food Security Studies (CEFSS) Ali Ahmudi predicts that the simplification of this class will spur the level of electricity consumption. "When the 900 VA usage is economical, it is arranged between the flame of the air conditioner and the water machine, and as soon as it rises to 4,400 VA the life is more free, it can flame everything and become more wasteful," he added.What Ali said is actually already supported by the official website of the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources which estimates per capita electricity consumption in 2016 and reached 956 kWh, while the national electricity consumption 2017 based on the strategic plan of the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources of 1.058 kWh / capita. That means there is a tendency of electricity consumption of Indonesian society will continue to rise. If now the electricity is limited only tends to be high, especially if later not limited.
The third reason is the uniformity of this class of electricity will make sense of social justice for PLN customers outside Java is disturbed. The reason, until now PLN has not been able to bring equal distribution of electricity to beberbagai pulai in Indonesia. The Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources noted that until 2016, public access to electricity in Indonesia is not evenly distributed. The electrification ratio figures for each province vary.
In Papua Province, the electrification ratio is still 46.47%, which means that more than half of households there have not enjoyed electricity. Meanwhile, the island of Java on average has been above 90%. So it would be wise if PLN encourages the availability of evenly distributed electricity nationally just to make uniform classification, rather than forcing the people of Java Island to increase electrical power so that the inequality of electricity consumption between islands will be wider.
The fourth reason is the classic problem that until now can not be solved PLN satisfactorily that is the consistency of their service problem. Whether the uniformity of power that will affect the increase in electricity consumption will not affect the service of PLN.
Not a "public secret" if in Greater Jakarta just PLN service is still shrunk alias often "byar-pet", especially if the public is allowed to add power to 5500 AV. It would be wise for PLN to first reduce public complaints to its services rather than "force" consumers to increase power and then disappoint it.
The fifth reason is clear that the impetus of this red plate electric company for the uniform classification will have an impact on the ESDM Ministry's hampering program of electricity saving. Some time ago Director General of Renewable Energy and Energy Conservation of the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, Rida Mulyana said that in the year 2017, the government is targeting electricity savings of 2 gigawatts (GW) or equivalent to Rp18, 4 trillion from all over Indonesia.
On that occasion Rida himself used the slogan "it is easier to save 1 watt than build 1 watt or on a larger scale," creating 1 MW is also much more difficult than having to save 1 MW "Therefore the government continues to encourage people to behave frugally energy passes through and incentive members with a 10 percent discount to successful customers.
According to Rida, energy saving movement "Cut 10 Percent" represents government effort to realize equitable energy and in line with global energy management paradigm. Moreover, this austerity program has been declared since President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (SBY) is still in office last June 2012. Then if then the PLN policy is approved and there is a significant spike in electricity consumption, who is to blame? So now are we going to sacrifice this energy saving program with an untested policy?
And the sixth reason is whether we want to sacrifice the national energy saving movement that will suppress global warming just to fulfill the ambition of PLN to sell 40% of their electricity reserves? Because we know that PLN's power source is mostly derived from petroleum that can trigger a rise in world temperature. That's why in some countries prefer to use solar panels to generate electricity compared to using fuel as a source of energy.
However, Indonesia which most of its electric energy from BBM even encourage people to be consumptive to electricity. Hopefully the government in this case the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources more wisely in support of PLN step simplify its customer class.