Image source: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/store/10.15252/embj.201695290/asset/image_n/embj201695290-abs-0001.png?v=1&s=2b25e8bcc1115cd586bd81f82ace979552a5ae2b
Vemale.com – Zika virus is a hot conversation among Indonesian society because of its terrible effect on pregnancy that can cause nerve abnormalities in the fetus as well as other health disorders. This virus spread rapidly from Latin America, to the United States until it was feared to cross into Asia.
Zika virus that is transmitted by Aedes aegypti mosquito, has now spread to 24 countries. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in the US issued a warning that pregnant women do not go to these countries first. The 24 countries where the virus infected issued an appeal for women not to get pregnant before the outbreak was overcome.
In order not to get lost wrong information, here are five facts Zika virus you need to know (note, yes!).
Why Zika Virus dangerous?
Zika virus is a kind of flavivirus, still a family with yellow fever, chikungunya and dengue fever. Until now, there is no vaccine that can prevent the spread and drugs to cure the virus Zika.
Zika became the subject of talk because it was suspected to be the cause of microcephaly, a neurological disorder that causes the baby to be born with a smaller head size than it should. This condition causes growth disorders and sometimes lead to death.
Since last November, there have been 4,180 cases of microcephaly associated with Zika in Brazil. Whereas in 2014, there were only 146 cases with 51 deaths.
One baby in Hawaii was born in a microcephaly condition after her mother returned from Brazil. In Illinois USA, two pregnant women infected Zika after returning from Latin America.
Other plague on a small scale because Zika is Guillain-Barre syndrome, an autoimmune disorder that is very rare and can be life-threatening.
How is the spread and the symptoms?
The virus spreads when Aedes mosquito bites an infected person and then bites another person.In most people, the symptoms are fever, headache, rash and red eyes. In fact, 80 percent of people do not know that they are infected with the Zika virus.
Pregnant women should be vigilant because it has been proven that Zika is able to penetrate amniotic fluid.
"Infection with the fetus is not new, but Zika infection in new fetuses is now happening," Dr. Lyle Petersen, director of CDC's Division of Vector-Borne Diseases.
According to the CDC, there are also cases of virus transmission during labor, blood transfusion, laboratory exposure and sexual contact. Zika has also been found in breast milk, but has not been confirmed whether the virus could be transmitted to infants through breast milk. So far, only two cases of sexually transmitted Zika have been found.
Which country is infected by Zika?
Brazil, Cape Verde, Colombia, Dominica, Ecuador Union. According to the CDC, cases in America occur from people who go to Latin America and are infected there.
How to protect yourself from Zika?
Avoid going to the infected area. Keep clean at home so mosquitoes do not nest; clean and drain the stagnant water, cover the tub, use lotion antinyamuk, spray the whole room in the afternoon and close the room, use closed clothes, and the use of air conditioning is proven to reduce the number of mosquitoes that roam. Have a spray to eradicate mosquitoes and larvae regularly in your home environment.
How to stop the spread of Zika?
Currently, experts are actively researching and working to create a vaccine to prevent infection Zika. Before the vaccine is discovered, it is recommended that you protect yourself in the manner mentioned above. Remind the manager of the office or hotel (if you are staying at the hotel) to not let any stagnant water even if it is only in flower pots.
Well, that's the information about Zika Virus. Hopefully useful and increasing our knowledge to be more careful in maintaining the cleanliness of the environment and the health of the body itself and the people we love yes, Ladies!(vem / meetdoctor / ama)