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Hah? Loh Kok ?!
Meat production causes 80% of global warming. That number really makes us stunned and can not believe it. What is the connection so that meat production plays a major role in global warming? Really reducing the number of livestock industry by reducing meat consumption is the most effective way to cut greenhouse gas emissions? Certainly these two questions become controversial.
Global warming is something that is being talked about and may already be familiar in our ears because we have very often heard it in various media either from electronic media or print media. But connecting it with the production and consumption of meat, many people may never expect it.
Yugh Data Intip
Basically transport and industry are often accused of being responsible for the effects of global warming. In addition to other causes, the effects of global warming are caused by three gases: methane, carbon dioxide and nitrogen oxide. All three come from large farms.
Twelve percent of methane gas emissions are generated only by billions of livestock kept around the world. This is far more dangerous, if we know that one methane molecule contributes to the global warming effect 25 times greater than one molecule of carbon dioxide.
According to a report by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat, pig and poultry produces greenhouse gas emissions equivalent to 18 percent CO2.
An average cow produces twice as much Nitrogen than a car with a catalyst that is about 36 kilograms per year. This amount is more than all the transport combined around the world so we can easily make livestock a key solution in the fight against global warming.
The livestock sector produces 65 percent of the potent nitrous oxide potential against global warming that is larger than CO2, which mostly comes from livestock manure. The sector also produces 37 percent of all methane produced by humans, methane has a heating effect 23 times stronger than CO2, which is largely produced by the digestive system of ruminant animals. Methane has an impact of about 25 times CO2. But really, when methane is up there, in the atmosphere and reacting, it will have an impact 72 times greater than CO2 and it has a huge effect.
In addition, farms also produce 64 percent of ammonia that significantly produces acid rain, Ammonia emissions from livestock reach 90% of all liquid faeces. Ammonia is found in certain areas, such as in farms and also storage and production of organic fertilizers. Ammonia and Nitrogen produced can be decreased by reducing the number of livestock, changing fodder, and reducing the production of liquid feces. This will benefit not only ecologically but also economically.
Livestock now uses 30 percent of the land on the surface of the earth, which is generally a permanent pasture but also occupies 33 percent of the world's fertile land used to produce forage. As forests are cleared to create new grasslands, livestock is a major cause of deforestation. All this data makes most people decide not to eat meat aka vegetarian.Investigate From The Point Of View Of Various Disciplines Of Science
But is being a vegetarian the right step to address the global warming problem when it comes to meat production and consumption? We need to examine the issue critically in various disciplines.
It can not be denied, this problem is related to the science of Animal Husbandry. In the science of Animal Husbandry, there is a reciprocal relationship between global warming with the production and consumption of meat. The impact of global warming itself for livestock one of which is decreased cattle appetite.
Methane derived from the discharge of winds in livestock can indeed potentially global warming. This can be overcome by giving special livestock capsules so as not to release a fart containing methane.
In addition to views from the discipline of Animal Science, of course the science of nutrition plays an important role in this regard. In Nutrition science, the highest protein is found in animal foods, whether it be meat, milk or eggs. In other words, animal protein is the best nutritional substance.
In Indonesia, there are still many short people. In Nutrition science, short bodies are considered less productive. Therefore animal protein is needed to produce quality and productive generation. If the consumption of meat is reduced or even stopped, perhaps the hope of the Indonesian nation to become a quality generation will be far from the fire.
According to the data, in Indonesia excess consumption of rice from the required average. But on the other hand, our society still consume less animal products (meat, milk and eggs). This is due to the poverty that is still high in Indonesia and the culture of society where only consume meat at certain moments, such as at weddings, Lebaran, parties, akikah and others. Therefore, in the science of nutrition, to develop the potential of human resources we need to increase the consumption of meat and other animal products.
Another in view of the disciplines of physics. In Physics data, it is known that CO2 and temperature rise are mutually independent or independent of each other and are bound to each other. The solar and temperature cycles are more related.
In Biology and Chemistry, CO2 is not a pollutant. Evidenced by the release of CO2 in plants. In addition, the community also really need a motor vehicle to travel far in a short time.
In economics, it is possible that this issue is exploited by those who do business in plant-based foods, where the business is defeated by the animal food business so that the community to be a vegetarian or reduce the consumption of meat.
We can see it from the point of knowledge of Islam as well. God has created animals to take advantage of. Farm animals are created so that we can consume meat, milk and eggs and utilize the bones, skin and feathers. We certainly can not afford to waste God's sustenance.So, How's Dong ?!
This is still controversial because the data is still an estimate that at any time can change at any time. We need to address this issue by thinking critically and wisely on the issue of global warming.
After all, global warming is a natural thing to happen considering the earth we live in is very old and will meet the end. But we must not overreact, for example in this case, stop eating meat and become vegetarian.
Global warming does have an adverse effect on the environment around us, such as weather, sea level, agriculture, animals and plants and human health. We do have to care to prevent more serious environmental damage. The efforts we can take are to plant as many trees as possible and to plant the forest.
Being excessive in the face of global warming by not eating meat, is just being overprotective to live. Prevention is better, but not by removing the elements that are good for life. We should prevent with something more natural and acceptable and applicable to many people in general.
Moreover, the existence of livestock was created to be eaten. This is like natural law, contained in the food chain. Imagine if we stop meat consumption, meaning the balance of the ecosystem will be confused. Our Earth may not be green anymore because it is consumed by ruminants. This is because the controlling movement of livestock population is hampered because it is forbidden to eat meat.
As an animal lover, most of whom carry around and spread the issue of global warming caused by the production and consumption of livestock, suggests that people become vegetarians. If livestock is forbidden to be consumed, then what is the existence of livestock on this earth. They do not know where they're going. If it claims to be an animal lover, it means that livestock must be destroyed, because livestock production is taking part in global warming.
Why should we bother with not using the abundant natural resources to prevent global warming, whereas there are many other alternatives to overcome it? Do we have to throw away all the good things as long as it is still justified by God?