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A few hours ago, the world just entered the year 2018 with full of hope and enthusiasm. This hope will not only come from mankind but also the universe. Even if nature can tell the story of course we will be able to hear their complaints related to human greed which resulted in the destruction of this nature.
In the midst of global worries will continue to decrease the environmental quality and extinction of flora and fauna, it seems elephants can begin to smile to face the year 2018.
Starting January 1, 2018, China as the world's largest ivory trade and absorber center officially bans all forms of trading products made of elephant ivory. This step of Tingkok is sure to make nature conservers happy to welcome this new year considering this China step will have a very big impact in protecting and preserving elephants that are included in the list of endangered species.
The long road
He made elephant ivory as a status symbol and social status to make this bamboo curtain country as the largest center of ivory trade in the world. The very high demand for ivory raw materials has an impact on the hunting of elephants for their tusks, especially in Kenya and Tanzania.
Elephant ivory demand began to bloom in the 1960s is closely related to the tradition of manufacturing ivory carving craft products that have been rooted for hundreds of years in China.
The ban on international ivory trade has indeed been proclaimed by The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) in 1989. But in the midst of the world's agreement to ban the international trade of elephant ivory, it turns out the ivory trade in China is still ongoing.
In 2008, CITES and the United Nations, which is the authority to regulate the ban on trade in endangered animal products, compensated by approving the final or world-known supply as a one-off sell of 70 tons of legal elephant ivory to China.
The move taken as part of efforts to wipe out illegal ivory trade turned out to be controversial. This legal ivory supply to China is taken as a step to end the international elephant ivory trade is considered to be able to reduce poaching and the reduction of illegal trade.
But on the other hand, nature conservationists claim that this step actually increases illegal hunting because it facilitates the laundering of illegal ivory into legal ivory in fulfilling this demand.
Data on the ground indicate that there has been an increase in poaching of elephants for ivory from only a few cases per year to a peak of 33,000 cases a year in 2011.According to the National Geographic report, the estimated legal ivory in China is 40 metric tons, while the illegal ivory entering the country is estimated to be 25 times larger.
In 2015, Chinese President Xi Jinping, followed by US President Barack Obama, announced his commitment to ban the raiding of elephant ivory products, including the ban on buying and selling. This ban came into effect effectively in June 2016 and then in America and December 1, 2017 in China.
The world is shocked by China when the country announces to the world its commitment to end all forms of elephant ivory trade both internationally and domestically at the end of 2017. As China announces this, the world is still cynical and doubts the commitment of this bamboo curtain country to actively participate in the conservation of endangered species.
World Wildlife Fund (WWF) said that entering the new year 2018, China has fulfilled its promise that makes the world can start smiling. It is estimated that the next 10 years China's decision will be a historic event in the effort to preserve elephants.
Immediately after the total ban came into effect in China, the trade and shop agents that had been rampant to trade elephant ivory products began to close and immediately impacted the price of elephant ivory.
Since the announcement of China's commitment, the number of cases of illegal ivory trade of elephants has declined by 65% ??and as many as 170 elephant ivory handicraft factories have closed including their trade outlets.
The announcement of the ban also has a major impact on the decline in the price of the world's elephant ivory. As an illustration before the announcement of this ban, the price per kilogram of elephant ivory as raw material for handicraft reached US $ 2,100, but after the announcement of the direct price ban to be only US $ 500 per kg.
The data also show that the number of elephant poaching in Kenya and Tanzania has declined sharply due to the declining demand for this elephant ivory and also the result of fighting illegal hunting.
This change of situation makes elephants have a greater chance to survive in the wild. Besides, countries with wild elephant populations will certainly benefit from their eco-tourism activities.
If calculated roughly during his life an elephant left wild in his nature and made an object of eco-tourism will bring in $ 1 million. This income is certainly much greater if the elephant is killed and only taken tusks to trade illegally.The world is now able to smile when China as a major player of the world elephant ivory trade has taken a drastic step. The world also hopes that China's move will have a major impact on trading elephant ivory products in other regions, especially in Asia.
Trade in ivory products in Hong Kong for example will still last at least until the next 5 years before the total ban. In addition to Hong Kong ivory trade is estimated to still occur in Laos and Vietnam where the ivory trade regulations are still not tight.
China's decision to ban the total trade of elephant ivory does not necessarily eliminate the world's elephant ivory trade, but it will have a big impact considering the position and role of China as the largest ivory trade center in the world.
My best friend…..
There is still a noble-minded man looking after you
References: 1, 2, 3, 4 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10