The United States through the President, Donald Trump, has just shocked the world for getting out of the Paris agreement. The Paris agreement itself is an agreement in 2015 that is followed by nearly 200 countries to fight global warming by reducing carbon emissions.
With this, there are only 3 countries in the world that do not participate in agreeing to the Paris Agreement: the United States, Syria, and Nicaragua. What is the reason? Here's the explanation.
United States of America
In 2015, the United States through the President Barack Obama signed the Paris agreement. After almost two years, Donald Trump declared his resignation from the declaration against climate change.
This is because Trump considers the agreement to harm the United States. This is related to the number of jobs lost because conventional energy sources are becoming obsolete. Of course, work in the mines of conventional energy sources has been lost because of this goal.
In addition, now the technology is already moving to use renewable energy such as diesel and wind.
This is one of Trump's strategies to bring back jobs in conventional energy sources such as coal. In fact, Trump is the elected presidential candidate because of his promise of bringing 'back' jobs to the United States.
This instantly makes Trump bombarded with criticism from various corners, especially tech actors. Like Elon Musk, the CEO of Tesla who resigned from the position of President's economic adviser, as well as Apple CEO Tim Cook, who was willing to call the White House to try to negotiate this matter but not ignored Trump.
Of course it is quite clear why Syria did not sign the Paris Treaty. Syria that was devastated by civil war since 2011, would be very difficult for the Syrian head of state to travel abroad.
Therefore, the problem of climate change is no more 'emergency' for Syria than the issue of war.Nonetheless, Syria is one of the countries that contribute seeds to be stored in the Svalbard Giant Iron Dome, a bunker where seeds and seeds are grown globally. This place prevents the existence of botany disasters, so that food production will be maintained. So, in fact, Syria is not exactly not supporting the resistance to climate change.
A country in central America is making the world community wonder, why not come against climate change and what significance?
Nicaragua was deliberately rejecting this agreement because of the agreement that they consider unfair. For Nicaragua, emissions regulations are not strict enough to major countries with high global emissions contributions.
Nicaragua's chief envoy to the Paris agreement, Paul Oquist, called the Paris Treaty a "road to failure". This is because most polluters are considered to be less rigid.
"We do not want to be an 'accomplice' to bring the world colder 3 or 4 degrees but must be paid with death and damage," Paul said. "It's not about wanting to be a troublemaker, but it's about how developing countries can survive," he concluded.
This is followed by statistics that 10 carbon-polluting countries account for 72 percent of the world's carbon emissions. While 100 of the world's smallest emitters, only accounted for 3 percent. Nicaragua alone contributes only global emissions of 0.03 percent, which is not very significant indeed.
It can be concluded that Nicaragua's lack of agreement on paris is actually a form of 'protest' because the country with the greatest pollution is treated no more rigorously than the countries with the least pollution.
Ironically, Nicaragua itself is one of the most vulnerable countries affected by climate change. From the list of Global Climate Risk Index 2017, Nicaragua is ranked fourth, under Honduras, Myanmar and Haiti.
Between 1996 and 2015 alone, Nicaragua has been hit by 44 natural disasters such as floods, droughts and forest fires. [idc]