Liputan6.com, London – Indonesia is home to many unique species, one of them Javan warty pig or wart pig (Sus verrucosus). The pig species are the rarest and the ugliest in the world.
The animal is only scattered in a limited (endemic) on the island of Java and Bawean. Initially, scientists worried about the plight of warts, which habituate in Java, the island with the most populous populations in Indonesia.
The practice of poaching and deforestation poses a threat to its existence. However, the relief news came up. For the first time, camera trap (camera trap) managed to capture the appearance of wart pigs in the wild.
In fact, a conservationist's experts had guessed, wart pigs are extinct there. Moreover, based on recent studies in lowland forests in 2004, the population decline significantly decreased.
Not only the loss of habitat due to deforestation, wart pigs also involved conflict with humans. The animal is considered a pest and is often hunted for attacking plants.
Dr Johanna Rode-Margono of Chester Zoo said she and her colleagues were overwhelmed at the sight of the tape.
"We were worried, the whole species is gone," he said as quoted by BBC News on Saturday (23/12/2017).
Now, the team of scientists is trying to protect the habitat of the endangered animal. Dr Rode-Margono said that although wart pigs are not the most photogenic animals in forest wilds on the island of Java, they have an ecologically important role. They play the role of loosening the soil and spreading the seeds as they search for food.
"All in the ecosystem are interconnected – every tree, plant, animal, everything is interdependent," he told BBC News. "For me, they are not bad, but pretty."
Of the seven areas surveyed by the team, using a hidden camera with motion-activated sensors only three pig warts were recorded. That number is small.
"That means the threat continues for the pig, and if we do nothing, more populations will disappear," said Dr. Rode-Margono. "It's a red flag."However, he added, there is still hope, by designing an effective conservation program for wart pigs.