Image source: http://i.dailymail.co.uk/i/pix/2014/07/15/video-undefined-1FA9690700000578-713_636x358.jpg
Liputan6.com, Yamal – A mysterious giant hole is found in a remote region of Siberia. Now scientists are struggling to find scientific answers to the phenomenon, amidst the sheer quantity of speculation: whether the crater was a meteor, nuclear hit, caused by UFOs, or a sign of global warming.
The bottomless pit was discovered by a helicopter belonging to the oil and gas industry that flew over the northern region of Siberia – a region famous for a devastating event.
Interestingly, the place where the crater was found was Yamal – which means 'the end of the world' – in the native language of Nenets.
At that location, the most potentially deadly meteor collision in the modern era – the Tunguska event – occurred on June 30, 1908. Its strength reached 1,000 times the Hiroshima atomic bomb.
The result is incredible. A total of 80 million tree trunks in an area of ??2,000 square kilometers were burned. Fortunately, no casualties. Because the location of the blast away from the settlement.
However, no bright light or explosion is recorded in the area – which may be the cause of crater formation.
Siberian Times website reported, the existence of the hole was first known to the passengers of the helicopter. The engineer there, Konstantin Nikolaev, then recorded and uploaded his videos on YouTube.
According to eyewitnesses, the hole is large enough to enter their helicopter – the 18-meter-long Mi8 – without touching the edges.
Since the video crater was uploaded to the internet and spread, cyberspace is filled with rumors and speculation. Some suspect the hole is made UFO, the secret door to the depth of the Earth. Or some people think it's a weapon test site or a meteorite impact.
"We can certainly say it was not a result of a meteorite," a Russian Emergency Ministry spokeswoman said, as quoted from News.com.au on Wednesday (16/07/2014).
Russian scientist from the Sub-Arctic Scientific Research Center, Anna Kurchatova believes, the cause is something more logical, such as global warming.Moreover, frozen ground in Siberia – or permafrost – contains millions of tons of methane gas. As the surface slowly warms, the gas begins to release into the air.
A mixture of water, salt and gas may have triggered an underground explosion and triggered the formation of a hole. Another possibility is that the gas pockets may build up enough pressure to trigger outbreaks, such as in the corks of Champagne.
"A team of scientists was sent to investigate the hole and will arrive at the site on Wednesday (local time)," the Siberian Times reported.
Expedition members include scientists from the Center for the Study of the Arctic and the Cryosphere Institute of the Academy of Sciences, Russia.
They will take soil, water, and air samples at the site to determine the nature and origin of the hole.
The crater is found in the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Region, about 40 kilometers from the Bovanenkovo ??gas field. The area of ??the peninsula, which juts into Arctic waters, is a source of Russian gas that is exported to Europe. (Yus)