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The threat of global warming (global warming) is not a mere figment. When President Barack Obama's pledge to take decisive action to reduce the impact of climate change continues to be a polemic in his country, the citizens of the United States now face the real impact on their own pages.
It may rarely be a US citizen who has ever heard of a place called Kivalina – a small and tiny village in Alaska surrounded by the Bering Sea. It's too small to be missing on the Alaska map, let alone the US atlas.
Kivalina is now the spotlight, because, the village will soon sink, disappear forever, in just 10 years, or even less. Its inhabitants will become refugees due to climate change, so the first in the whole country Uncle Sam.
A total of 400 Inuit natives are the most threatened. Currently they live in single-story cabins, depending on the life of hunting large fish and netted smaller fish.
The sea has been preserving their lives from generation to generation, providing nutrition as well as fortune. However, in the past 2 decades, the dramatic melting of ice in the Arctic Sea has made their lives vulnerable to coastal erosion. No more icebergs protect their coastline from the destructive forces of autumn and winter storms. The kivalina is shrinking.
The US Army's Army Corps (US Army) corps had built a retaining wall along the coast in 2008, but by no means much.
In fact, the storm 2 years ago forced its inhabitants to be evacuated emergency. And now, experts predict, Kivalina will no longer be inhabited by 2025.
Kivalina may not be the only one. Air temperature records show, the Arctic region in Alaska heats up 2 times faster than other regions in the US. Melting ice, rising sea levels, and rising rates of coastal erosion make the existing 3 Inuit settlements at risk of damage. The other eight are waiting for their turn.
The problem is, it needs a lot of funds to relocate Inuit people, especially in Kivalina to other areas – building roads, housing, and schools is not cheap. It took fund at least US $ 400 million or Rp 4.1 trillion. And there are no signs, money will come from public funds.
Kivalina Council chairman Colleen Swan said the Alaska native must bear the costly consequences of the problem they did not cause.
"If we're still here 10 years later, it's just waiting for the flood and death, or another option, run from here," he said, as published by the BBC on Tuesday (7/30/2013)."The US government is introducing Western lifestyles to us, sharing their burdens with us, and now they want us to pack things up and move ourselves. What kind of government is that?" sniffed Colleen Swan. (Ein / Sss)