WHAT IS A DISTRIBUTION ??
Irregularities are behaviors that violate standards of behavior or expectations of a group or society. Irregularities involve violations of group norms that may or may not be formalized into law. This is a comprehensive concept that includes not only criminal behavior, but many actions that are not subject to punishment. Public officials who accept bribes have opposed social norms, as do high school students who refuse to sit in prepared seats or suspended.
From a sociological perspective, irregularities can not be objective or organized like stones. Conversely, subject to social definitions in a given society and at a certain time. One can obtain aberrant identity in many ways, because the physical or behavior of some people is forced to be placed in a negative social role. Once given a deviant role, they have difficulty presenting a positive image to others and may even experience a decrease in self-esteem.
Early explanations of behavior deviating from the expectations of society blame supernatural causes or genetic factors. Although criminality is not a personality, researchers have focused on traits that may lead to crimes such as aggression. Of course, agersi can also lead to success in business, sports or other life. Limitations of current knowledge may reinforce racist and sexist assumptions and their implications for criminal rehabilitation have led sociologists to use other approaches to explain wider deviations.
1. Perspective Perspective
According to functionalists, aberrations are a common part of human existence with positive and negative consequences for social stability. Durkheim (1897 1975) introduced the term anomie in a sociology dictionary to describe a sense of loss of direction in society when social control over individual behavior is no longer effective. Anomie is a state without the norm that usually occurs during periods of deep social change and irregularity, such as when the economic downturn. Robert Merton (1968) makes an important contribution to the sociological understanding of irregularities by pointing out that as distorted as innovators and ritualists share with the appropriate, a convicted criminal can save as much aspiration as a person without a criminal background. This theory helps us to understand deviations as social behavior is created, not as a result of a momentary implus pathology.
2. Interactionist perspective
Functionalist approaches to irregularities explain the causes of rule violations continue despite pressure to adapt and comply. However, functionalists do not indicate how people came to deviant action or why on some occasions crimes were committed or not. The emphasis on day-to-day behavior that is the focus of an interactionist perspective offers two explanations of transmission cultural evil and the theory of routine activities. Pabelan theory is called the social reaction approach that reminds us that it is a response or an action, not the behavior itself that determines the deviation. The popularity of pabelan theory is reflected in the emergence of related perspectives called social constructivism. According to the perspective of social constructivism deviation is the product of the culture we live in. Social construction focuses specifically on the decision-making process that creates aberrant identity.
3.Perspectives of conflict
Conflict theory shows that people with the power to protect their own interests and determine irregularities to meet their own needs. This theory helps to explain why our society has the law of gambling, drug users, and prostitution that many have been violated on a large scale. Conflict theory argues that the criminal justice system across America treats suspects differently based on racial, ethnic or social background. A dramatic difference in social handling can lead to high levels of violence and crime. People see themselves as victims of unfair treatment can strike, and not oppose such strong against their fellow victims. The perspective put forward by conflict and pastican theorists is quite a contrast to the functionalist approach to deviations.