The existence of available or remaining forests is at least one unity that is also important for the diverse biodiversity (all living things) related to the breath of life. In tropical forest in Gunung Palung National Park (TNGP) area there is a forest that can be said to be special. Why and what special forests in TNGP, this is the reason.
According to the research data (GPOCP / YP and BTNGP), at least there are currently eight types of forest ecosystems in TNGP, where there are only seven types of forest ecosystems. The seven ecosystems are peat swamp forests at an altitude of 5-10 mdpl, Freshwater Swamp Forest at an altitude of 5-10 mdpl, Alluvial Land Forests at an altitude of 5-50 mdpl, Lowland Sandstone Rock Forest at an altitude of 20-200 mdpl, Granite Forest Lowland at an altitude of 200-400 masl, Highland Granite Forest at an altitude of 350-800 mdpl and Mountain Forest at an altitude of 750-1.100 mdpl (Marshall, Andrew J, 2008), is now increasing with the existence found Kerangas Forest at least the extent of 7 , 6 ha from the total area of ??the Panti Branch. Eight types of forest ecosystems are located in a research site of approximately 2100 hectares covering eight types of ecosystems distinguished by elevation, soil and drainage. Eight types of forest ecosystems that are special to the forests in TNGP.
The existence of various endemic animals such as orangutans becomes one of the other features that also can not be denied. In addition, there are also other animals such as kelempiau and sailors. Pangolin, binturong, sun bears, hornbills, leopard, wild chicken and some other animals. Of course, the existence of some of these animals is supported by the availability of forest types as mentioned above. Some types of woods such as meranti, tengkawang, ramin and ironwood along with several types of orchids, become a beautiful addition to the forest. This is characterized by the availability and the existence of various types of growing and forest fruits such as the fruit of Borneo, rambutan forest, durian forest, forest cempedak, fruit Ficus sp (figs), fruit pelagas and fruit that at least that is available in some areas Borneo.
In addition, some of the forest fruits such as Dillenia borneensis (Simpur Laki), Connarus sp (Belungai), Baccaurea dulcis (rambai jungle), Artocarpus elasticus (terap), Aporosa nitida (Belian air), are the favorite food of orangutans and Dysoxylum cyrtobotryum (Lantupak), is a favorite food of orangutans and hornbills. There is also a forest nutmeg and tengkawang fruit which is favored by hornbills.
The results of the research at the Panti Branch Research Station, TNGP mentioned at least, orangutans consume more than 300 species of plants consisting of: 60% consists of fruit, 20% flowers, 10% young leaves and bark and 10% insects (such as termites). The dominant vegetation consumed by orangutans is from the Sapindaceae family / sapindales (rambutan, kedondong, matoa and langsat), Lauraceae (avocado and medang), Fagaceae (petai and soy beans or including beans), Myrtaceae / myrtales -jambuan), Moraceae (ficus / wood fig) and others. All the fruits of the forest, at least that is the most favored by hornbills and orangutans along with other animals such as kelempiau and sailors and some other animals that inhabit forests in the area of ??Gunung Palung National Park (TNGP).
[/ caption] To reach Gunung Palung National Park, it can be reached or takes approximately 7-8 hours, traveling by foot from Dusun Tanjung Gunung, Sejahtera Village, Kayong Utara Regency (KKU). Meanwhile, if using a motorized canoe can be reached with time 6-8 hours, through the Bayas River in Sedahan Village, KKU and can also through Hamlet Semanjak, Benawai Agung Village (KKU).
[/ caption] Another feature of the forest in the TNGP area is none other than a source of knowledge for all those interested in studying, studying and examining from some of the existing features related to animals and the environment, hopefully the privileges of the forests in TNGP friends will continue to exist and be sustainable.
By: Peter Kanisius- The Trench Foundation
Highland Forest Altitude Mdpl