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Hijab, chador or veil, burqa, and niqab are attributes used by Muslim women to cover the genitals. Although freedom of religion is a universal right, it turns out that in some countries the use of these objects is deemed unacceptable and should be prohibited. Especially with the growing anti-Muslim sentiments in the United States and European countries, this policy proved to be more popular.
Not all forms of Muslim head coverings are forbidden, this policy focuses on a full head covering that covers the face. Most of the countries that enforce this ban explain that those who cover their faces totally can invite unnecessary suspicions. Therefore, in order to maintain public order, the ban is enforced. Want to know which countries have forbidden Muslim women wearing a cover of full aurat in public?
1. France became the first country in Europe to ban the wearing of burqas and veils in public spaces. Desperate women wearing it will face legal consequences
The secular principle or separation between government and religion is shared by France. Against this principle, the French government has begun banning the use of religious identities from hijab to necklaces in public schools since 2004. In 2011, France became the first country to impose a ban on the use of burqas or hijab covering the face nationally. For those who violate will be subject to a fine of Euro 150. As for those who proved to force a woman wearing a burqa will be subject to greater fines and imprisonment. Last news, some coastal areas of France even banned burkini or Muslim swimsuits on the beaches as it is considered threatening the secular value of its people.
2. In the same year, Belgium followed in the footsteps of France and became the second European country to enforce the ban nationally
In 2011, the Belgian government banned the wearing of burqas, niqabs and veils in public places. As with the French ban, all those found violating the rule will face legal consequences. Even if in France its use will only be fined, in Belgium there is a threat of 7 days imprisonment for offenders.
3. The ban on the adoption of a nationwide total face capsumed by Germany at the end of 2016, as it disrupts the process of community integration
Immigration issues have become a serious issue in Germany lately. The large number of incoming immigrants is often a subject of criticism against the powerful leader, Chancellor Angela Merkel. Amid the pressure, Merkel announced that Germany would ban all forms of full face cover such as the burqa, niqab, and veil because it is considered to interfere with the process of assimilation or integration of immigrants with other German society. Merkel thinks if someone wants to really communicate with others, the face should not be covered.
4. In the Netherlands, the burqa ban has even been a debate for a decade. Initially, this rule ran aground due to various obstacles, but a few years later re-established
Finally, by 2015, the Dutch cabinet approved a plan to ban the hijab covering all faces in government buildings, schools, hospitals and public transport. This prohibition is essentially set for certain situations, ie in conditions where a person must show his face for identification purposes for security reasons, such as airports, courtrooms, public transport, and at the entrance to public buildings. Initially this rule was enacted in 2007 ago, but ran aground on the implementation and constitutional.
5. Most recently, last year the Swiss parliament backed a ban on the use of the burqa in public places. Interestingly, this prohibition is done even with votingThe Swiss parliament supports the burqa ban in public places with only one vote difference. According to them, clothing that only shows the eye is associated with radical Islam. Campaigners who support this ban will seek to pass the law through a referendum. It will be available until September 2017 to collect 100 thousand signatures to urge a referendum, which will take place about a year later if it meets the requirements.
6. Given the security of its population, the Nigerian government bans the use of burqas in the country
In this country, who propose it is his own president, Muhammadu Buhari. He insists that the ban is to avoid the risk of suicide bombings. He considered, that the use of veils or burqa is just a tactic of men or women to install bombs on his body without being seen conspicuously. The suggestion of the president had sparked outrage among Muslims. In the future, the Nigerian government will continue to prioritize citizens' rights in running their religion while continuing to maintain national security.
7. The Norwegian government also plans to issue a ban on burqa usage, this rule will apply on campus and school
Norwegian Education Minister Torbjorn Roe Isaksen mentioned that the government is preparing a nationally-applicable law on the closing of all faces, both at school and university. Indeed, the use of veils in Norway is a rare sight. However, this issue is becoming increasingly prominent especially in the run up to legislative elections. This prohibition does not apply to the wearing of the veil that shows the face, because the government is aware that every citizen should be allowed to keep his faith.
8. Finally, the Bulgarian Parliament has passed a law that effectively prohibits Muslim women from wearing burqas
The law is referred to as one of the Bulgarian government's efforts to improve security in the country. And anyone who wears a burqa or the like in government offices, educational and cultural institutions, and recreational places will be fined 1500 leva or about Rp 11 million, and will be stripped of their social rights. Bulgaria acknowledges if following the example of a law that has been predefined by France and the Netherlands.
Then, what with this you are grateful to stay and settle in Indonesia which until now does not question a person's clothes? Not a few of the followers of Islam in the countries above which then felt oppressed and protested afterwards. Because of the act of terrorists, damaged the image of a religion and clothing that is its identity.
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